Interventions in myocardial infarctions (MI) are aimed at reducing further myocardial tissue damage by improving oxygenation and decreasing workload of the heart. Learn more with this infographic.
Some topics you will learn in this infographic:
Oxygen increases the percentage of oxygen available to the alveoli. Providing high flow O2 maximizes the oxygenation potential of the lungs.
Stents are tubular mesh-like structures placed inside blood vessels to increase blood flow. They are placed via cardiac catheterization or PTCA through large arteries. Stents are coated with medications like clopidogrel (Plavix) to reduce clots from forming on the mesh.
Decrease Modifiable Risk Factors:
Educate the patient on the importance to reduce modifiable risk factors like smoking cessation, diet modifications, and the addition of exercise into the daily routine. A sedentary lifestyle is a major cause of coronary artery disease which leads to MI. It is important to remember that modifiable risk factors may be different with patients of varying cultural backgrounds. Patients should also abstain from excessive alcohol use and attempt to decrease stress as both increase the risk for MI.