Magnesemia: Hyper vs Hypo

[Infographic] How to Study: Magnesemia – Hyper vs Hypo

Master the differences between hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia with Picmonic!

Magnesemia: Hyper vs Hypo infographic

Some topics you will learn in this infographic:

Flushing:
Magnesium causes vasodilation and increases blood flow in the tissues. Excessive serum levels of magnesium are characterized by increased warmth and flushing as blood circulates faster in the body.

Muscle Weakness:
Patients with hypermagnesemia will experience muscle weakness. Since magnesium is a natural calcium channel blocker, increased levels of magnesium will suppress neuromuscular transmission and lead to muscle weakness.

Confusion:
Decreased levels of serum magnesium depresses CNS function and affect the patient’s mental clarity. Hypomagnesemia may cause occasional or frequent confusion and disorientation. Frequently assess the patient’s neurologic status to monitor for increased confusion.

Insomnia:
Magnesium helps relax muscles, calm nerves, and decrease the affects of stress and anxiety. Patients with low levels of magnesium may have difficulty sleeping and develop insomnia. Hypomagnesemia may cause the patient to sleep less deeply or wake up frequently during the night.

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