Keep the causes of metabolic and respiratory acidosis straight with this infographic.
Some topics you will learn in this infographic:
Salicylates stimulate the brain stem to increase ventilation. This can be seen in aspirin toxicity. However, salicylate toxicity can present as a mixed acid base disorder because salicylates are acidic and can cause an anion gap metabolic acidosis along with a respiratory alkalosis, creating a mixed acid base disturbance.
Breathing into Paper Bag:
During acute episodes of hyperventilation caused by panic or anxiety, instruct the patient to breathe into a paper bag. This simple yet effective strategy allows the patient to breathe the exhaled air back into the lungs and restore normal levels of carbon dioxide.
HARD-ASS is the acronym describing causes of normal gap metabolic acidosis.
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