summer slump sale Save up to 40% today
Medicine (MD/DO)
Anatomy & Embryology
Hypothalamus & Pituitary
Anterior Pituitary

Master Anterior Pituitary with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Anterior Pituitary

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Posterior Pituitary
picmonic thumbnail
Phosphate (PO43-) Lab Value
picmonic thumbnail
picmonic thumbnail
Adrenal Gland (Basic)
picmonic thumbnail
Adrenal Gland (Advanced)

Anterior Pituitary

Anteater Pit-Bull
The anterior pituitary is an endocrine gland that releases a variety of hormones in response to stimulus from the hypothalamus and other sources. ACTH, adrenocorticotropic hormone, stimulates the adrenal glands into releasing cortisol. FSH and LH both stimulate the gonads (ovaries and testes). FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) regulates reproductive processes, sexual maturation, development, and growth. LH stimulates the ovaries and testes into producing estrogen and progesterone, and testosterone respectively. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulates the thyroid gland into producing thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), both of which stimulate metabolism in most tissues. Prolactin is a peptide hormone that stimulates milk production from the mammary glands and can affect levels of sex hormones. The other hormones released, but not shown here, are endorphins, which are released in response to exercise, pain, and excitement and cause a feeling of analgesia (well-being). Finally, growth-hormone stimulates cell reproduction, development, and growth.
Hypothalamic Control

The hypothalamus controls the function of the anterior pituitary, as it sends signals to the pituitary to release or inhibit pituitary hormone production.

FLAT PeG Mnemonic
Flat Peg

The mnemonic “FLAT PeG” can be used to recall all of the hormones released by the anterior pituitary. These are follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), prolactin, endorphins, and growth hormone (GH).

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates the gonads, and is essential to the function of women’s ovaries and the menstrual cycle, along with male development.

Lutenizing Hormone (LH)

LH, or luteinizing hormone, triggers ovulation and development of the corpus luteum in females, and functions in testosterone development in males.

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)

ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic hormone) is released in response to simulation of the anterior pituitary by CRF (Corticotropin-releasing factor), and stimulates the adrenal glands to produce corticosteroids.

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

TSH is released by the anterior pituitary and targets the thyroid gland. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulates the thyroid gland into producing thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), both of which stimulate metabolism in most tissues.

Prolactin (PRL)

Prolactin targets the mammary glands and triggers milk production. It promotes lactation in response to the suckling stimulus. Remember that this is a direct hormone, which goes to target cells. The anterior pituitary also releases endorphins, which similarly work in this direct manner.

Growth Hormone (GH)

Growth-hormone-releasing hormone is secreted by the hypothalamus and triggers the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary. Growth Hormone (GH) is a peptide hormone which stimulates cell reproduction, cell regeneration, and growth.


Take the Anterior Pituitary Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,900,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.