Glycopyrrolate is used to decrease airway secretions, in addition to decreasing stomach acid secretions in peptic ulcer disease. Another use for this drug is to prevent bradycardia, which occurs with the administration of neostigmine. Thus, glycopyrrolate is often given to patients with the neuromuscular blocking reversal agent, neostigmine.
This drug is given preoperatively to prevent salivary, pharyngeal and tracheobronchial secretions. This helps with intubation in anesthesia, as well as maintaining open airways during ventilation.
This medication helps to decrease stomach acid secretion, and is helpful in treating peptic ulcers.
Ipratropium is an inhalational medication used to treat COPD and acute asthma.
This drug is typically used to treat acute asthma, but is usually combined with a long-acting β agonist. It is also used as an inhalational treatment for COPD.
Dicyclomine is an anticholinergic medication that blocks muscarinic receptors, and is used to treat intestinal hypermotility and IBS by reducing gastric spasms.
Hyoscyamine is an antagonist of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, working to block parasympathetic activity. Because it blocks parasympathetic activity of the smooth muscle of the gut, it is indicated for use in various gastrointestinal disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome.
This syndrome is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain, alterations in bowel patterns of diarrhea and constipation, excessive flatulence, and fatigue. Classical symptoms are often reduced by defecation.
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