summer slump sale Save up to 40% today
Medicine (MD/DO)
Infectious Urologic Disorders

Master Prostatitis with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.


Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Pyelonephritis Assessment
picmonic thumbnail
Pyelonephritis Interventions
picmonic thumbnail
Staphylococcus saprophyticus
picmonic thumbnail
Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms
picmonic thumbnail
Urinary Tract Infection Prevention and Treatment


Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland that may be caused by a bacterial, viral, or sexually-transmitted infection. Untreated prostatitis may progress to inflammation of the epididymis (epididymitis) or bladder (cystitis). Assessment findings include flu-like symptoms, perianal pain, dysuria, and sexual dysfunction. Oral or IV antibiotics may be administered to stop the infection. Pain may be managed with anti-inflammatory drugs, warm Sitz baths, stool softeners, and alpha-adrenergic blockers. Additional considerations include prostatic massage and increased fluid intake.
Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
Crone Bacteria-guy Plum-on-fire

Although Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis has the same pathophysiology and offending microorganisms as acute bacterial prostatitis, it is characterized by recurrent episodes of infection.

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
Acute-angle Bacteria-guy Plum-on-fire

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis is caused by bacteria ascending from the urethra or descending from the bladder. The bacteria may also reach the prostate gland by circulating in the bloodstream or lymphatic system. Common bacterial organisms include E. coli, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, Enterobacter, Chlamydia, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and group D streptococci.

Sexually Transmitted Organisms
Sex-symbols on Organic-salad

Sexually Transmitted Organisms such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis can also cause acute bacterial prostatitis in sexually active men, especially those under 35 years of age.

E. Coli Infection
E Coal-eye

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis is usually caused by gram-negative bacteria, specifically Enterobacteriaceae. E. Coli is the most common cause of acute bacterial prostatitis, especially in men more than 35 years old.

Flu-Like Symptoms
Thermometer and Ice-bag

Prostatitis presents with flu-like symptoms such as fevers and chills. The clinical manifestations of prostatitis are similar to the symptoms of a urinary tract infection (UTI). Chronic prostatitis may increase the patient's risk of developing recurrent UTIs. If the patient develops a fever, a WBC count and blood cultures are indicated to identify the causative organism for appropriate antibiotic therapy.

Perineal Pain
Pear-kneel causing Perineal Pain-bolts

Perineal and back pain may occur in the patient with prostatitis. Back ache and pelvic pain may occur in both acute and chronic prostatitis.


Prostatic swelling caused by prostatitis may cause dysuria. The prostate may be extremely swollen, tender, and firm. Additional urinary complications include urinary frequency, urinary urgency, urinary retention, and cloudy urine.

Sexual Dysfunction

Patients with prostatitis may experience erectile dysfunction, post-ejaculation pain, and problems with libido. Since sexual dysfunction may occur, emotional support and sexual counseling may benefit the patient diagnosed with prostatitis.

Recurrent UTIs
Recurrent-clock Bladder and Kidney in Flames

Recurrent UTIs can be seen in patients with chronic bacterial prostatitis due to translocation of bacteria from an inflamed prostate into the urine and the urinary bladder.

Urinal with Urinalysis-cup

Urinalysis typically shows pyuria and bacteriuria in patients with bacterial prostatitis.

Tender Boggy Prostate
Tender Buggy Plum

Tender Boggy Prostate on digital rectal exam established the diagnosis of acute bacterial prostatitis. Digital rectal exam should be performed gently without vigorous prostatic massage.


Antibiotics are prescribed to treat acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis. Examples are trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), ofloxacin (Floxin), and carbachol (Miostat). Additional antibiotics include carbenicillin (Geocillin), cephalexin (Keflex), doxycycline (Vibramycin), and tetracycline. Patients with multiple sex partners are especially considered for prostatitis antibiotic therapy. Acute bacterial prostatitis is treated with oral antibiotics up to four weeks while chronic or complicated prostatitis is treated with hospitalization and IV antibiotics.

Chronic Prostatitis
Crone Plum-on-fire

Chronic Prostatitis, also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome, is characterized as prostate and urinary pain related to nonbacterial causes. This type of prostatitis is caused by a viral illness or sexually transmitted infection, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. Although a culture is unable to identify causative organisms, leukocytes may be found in prostatic secretions.


Take the Prostatitis Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,900,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.