Beat The Heat SAVE 25% NOW
Medicine (MD/DO)
NRTIs for HIV (Drug Names)

Master NRTIs for HIV (Drug Names) with Mnemonics

Picmonic makes learning NRTI drugs for HIV fun and effective. Our captivating characters, audio stories, and built-in quizzes help you master these antiviral medications with ease. Unlock a powerful mnemonic to remember key NRTIs with confidence!

NRTIs for HIV (Drug Names)

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
NRTIs (Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors)
picmonic thumbnail
NRTI Toxicity
picmonic thumbnail
Acyclovir (Zovirax)
picmonic thumbnail
picmonic thumbnail

NRTIs for HIV (Drug Names)

Nerd-ties with HIV-bandaid
NRTIs include two groups of medications; nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Nucleoside analog medications that disrupt viral DNA replication include Didanosine (DDI), Emtricitabine (FTC), Abacavir (ABC), Lamivudine (3TC), Stavudine (d4T), and Zidovudine (ZDV). In contrast, Tenofivir (TDF) is a nucleotide analog medication.

DEALSZ is an acryonym used to organize the nucleoside analog NRTIs. D-E-A-L-S-Z; Didanosine, Emtricitabine, Abacavir, Lamivudine, Stavudine, and Zidovudine.

Didanosine (DDI)

Didanosine (DDI) works as an analog to adenosine. The most common adverse events with didanosine are diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, headache and rash. Patients can also develop peripheral neuropathy and non-cirrhotic portal hypertension.

Emtricitabine (FTC)

Emtricitabine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, which works as an analog to cytidine. It is used to treat HIV, but also has clinical activity against Hepatitis B Virus. Side effects are rare, but include diarrhea, headache, nausea, and rash. More severe side effects include hepatotoxicity and lactic acidosis.

Abacavir (ABC)

Abacavir (ABC) is a nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor. This medication is an analog of guanosine, and is given orally, and has a high bioavailability. Common reactions include nausea, headache, fatigue, vomiting, hypersensitivity reaction, diarrhea, fever/chills, depression, rash, anxiety, URI, ALT, AST elevated, hypertriglyceridemia, and lipodystrophy.

Lamivudine (3TC)

Lamivudine is an analogue of cytidine. It can inhibit HIV reverse transcriptase, as well as the reverse transcriptase of hepatitis B virus.

Stavudine (d4T)

Stavudine is an analog of thymidine, which inhibits the HIV reverse transcriptase by competing with natural substrate, thymidine triphosphate. It then leads to termination of DNA replication by incorporating into the DNA strand. Side effects of this drug include peripheral neuropathy and lipodystrophy, and for this reason it is less commonly used in patients from developed countries.

Zidovudine (ZDV)

Zidovudine, or ZDV, is also called AZT, for azidothymidine. It works by selectively inhibiting HIV's reverse transcriptase, the enzyme that the virus uses to make a DNA copy of its RNA. Side effects include anemia, neutropenia, hepatotoxicity, cardiomyopathy, and myopathy. Due to viral resistance, this is usually given as part of HAART.

Tenofovir (TDF)

Tenofivir is a nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), that inhibits reverse transcriptase. Reverse transcriptase is a crucial viral enzyme in human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus infections. The most common side effects associated with tenofovir include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and weakness. Renal complications include acute renal failure, Fanconi syndrome, proteinuria, or tubular necrosis.


Take the NRTIs for HIV (Drug Names) Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,910,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.