Patau syndrome is a genetic abnormality caused by an additional chromosome 13.
Children with Patau syndrome display significantly impaired cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors.
A neurodevelopmental disorder in which the head circumference is more than two standard deviations smaller than the average circumference for the person's age and gender. It is a common clinical feature of Patau syndrome.
Holoprosencephaly is caused by a failure of the forebrain to divide properly into two hemispheres and is commonly observed in Patau syndrome.
Microphthalmia literally means "small eye" and is a clinical feature of Patau's syndrome.
A congenital physical anomaly where people have extra fingers or toes.
A congenital deformity caused by abnormal facial development characterized by a fissure in lip and/or palate.
Characterized by a prominent calcaneus and a rounded bottom of the foot resembling the bottom of a rocking chair. Rocker bottom feet are seen in both Patau syndrome and Edwards syndrome.
An omphalocele is a defect of the midline abdominal wall. The defect is covered by a three-layer membranous sac consisting of amnion, Wharton's jelly, and peritoneum.
Renal defects including cystic kidneys are common in Patau syndrome.
Ventricular septal defect is a congenital heart defect that enables blood to flow between the left and right ventricle. VSDs are common in children with Patau syndrome.
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