The mnemonic "SAD PUCKER" can be used to help memorize retroperitoneal structures. The mnemonic is as follows: the Suprarenal (Adrenal) gland, Aorta and IVC, Duodenum, Pancreas, Ureter, Colon, Kidney, Esophagus, and Rectum.
The suprarenal, or adrenal, gland is a retroperitoneal structures. This gland releases catecholamines, steroid hormones, and plays a role in blood pressure regulation.
The Aorta and IVC are both retroperitoneal structures.
Not all of the parts of the duodenum are retroperitoneal structures. Retroperitoneal parts of the duodenum include the 2nd through the 4th parts.
All of the parts of the pancreas (head, neck, and body) are retroperitoneal except for the tail. The pancreas is the most commonly injured retroperitoneal organ.
The ureters are both retroperitoneal structures. They deliver urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
The ascending and descending colon are both retroperitoneal structures. The transverse and sigmoid colon are both intraperitoneal.
The kidneys are both retroperitoneal structures. They sit below the adrenal glands, which are both retroperitoneal as well.
The esophagus is a retroperitoneal structure. It delivers food from the oral cavity to the stomach.
The rectum is the final retroperitoneal structure we will discuss in this Picmonic.
Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.
*Average video play time: 2-3 minutes
Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)