Ace Your Neurology, Ophthalmology & Otology Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medical (MD/DO) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

Neurology, Ophthalmology & Otology | Medical (MD/DO) School Study Aid


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Ischemic Brain Disease (Stroke)
8 Picmonics to Learn | 15 mins

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Types of Strokes
Warning Signs
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
Reversible Ischemic Neurologic Deficit (RIND)
Types
Ischemic
Thrombotic
Atherosclerosis
Embolic
Atrial Fibrillation
Hemorrhagic
Severe Hypertension
3 mins
Middle Cerebral Artery
Contralateral paralysis upper limb and face
Contralateral loss of sensation of upper limb and face
Affects Wernicke's area and Broca's area
Aphasia if Lesion in Dominant (Left) Hemisphere
Hemineglect if lesion in nondominant (right) hemisphere
1 min
Left Hemisphere Stroke Assessment
Opposite Side Weakness (Hemiplegia)
Side to Side Discrimination
Aphasia
Agraphia
Slow Performance
Aware of Deficits
Anxiety
Depression
2 mins
Right Hemisphere Stroke Assessment
Opposite Side Weakness (Hemiplegia)
Poor Proprioception
Disoriented to Person, Place, Time
Can't Recognize Faces (Prosopagnosia)
Loss of Judgement and Awareness
Impulsiveness
Personality Changes
Tonal Hearing Loss
2 mins
Anterior Cerebral Artery
Contralateral paralysis of lower limb
Contralateral loss of sensation in lower limb
1 min
Basilar Artery Stroke Assessment
Characteristics
Brainstem Structures
Lateral Corticospinal and Corticobulbar Tracts
Clinical Findings
Locked-in Syndrome
Motor Dysfunction
Preserved Vertical Eye Movements
2 mins
Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Stroke Assessment
Characteristics
Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery
Lateral Pontine Syndrome
Ipsilateral Clinical Findings
Decreased Facial Pain and Temperature Sensation
Facial Muscle Weakness
Decreased Taste from Anterior 2/3 of Tongue
Deceased Salivation and Lacrimation
Nystagmus and Hearing Loss
Horner Syndrome
Ataxia
Contralateral Clinical Findings
Decreased Body Pain and Temperature Sensation
3 mins
Histologic Evolution of Ischemic Stroke
> 5 Minutes
Irreversible Neuronal Injury
12-24 hours
Red Neurons
1-3 days
Liquefactive Necrosis (Neutrophils)
3–5 Days
Microglia
1-2 Weeks
Reactive Gliosis (Astrocytes)
Vascular Proliferation
> 2 weeks
Glial Scar
2 mins

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