The majority of the large intestine is the colon, which is divided into four parts: ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid.
Electrolytes are absorbed in the transverse colon, particularly sodium and potassium.
The large intestine is the last site of water absorption before waste is excreted. Water is absorbed throughout the colon.
The large intestine has a lot of microflora, or helpful bacteria. Some of the microflora produce vitamins, including vitamins B and K.
The rectum is the site of feces storage prior to excretion. It is located before the anus and after the sigmoid colon.
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