Master Acetazolamide with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.


Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Parkinson's Drugs
picmonic thumbnail
Levodopa/Carbidopa (Sinemet)
picmonic thumbnail
picmonic thumbnail
picmonic thumbnail


A Cheetah-Zorro
Acetazolamide a diuretic that works by inhibiting carbonic anhydrase, halting the production of bicarbonate from water and CO2. By inhibiting carbonic anhydrase, acetazolamide leads to sodium bicarbonate diuresis, acidifying the blood and alkalyzing the urine. This medication is helpful in treating glaucoma, as it decreases aqueous humor. It also decreases CSF pressure, and is used to treat pseudotumor cerebri. Other indications for treatment include CHF, metabolic alkalosis, and altitude sickness. Side effects of this drug include hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, and paresthesias.

Acetazolamide is an effective treatment for glaucoma as it reduces intraocular pressure. This drug inhibits the formation of bicarbonate in the eye, which draws in sodium, which is followed by water via osmositic potential. This is typically called the aqueous humor. Thus, acetazolamide reduces bicarbonate, leading to decreased aqueous humor in the eye.

Altitude Sickness
High Altitude Vomiting

This drug may be used in prophylaxis and treatment of altitude sickness. Acetazolamide works by decreasing bicarbonate stores, acidifying the bloods pH. This mechanism facilitates the renal compensation for respiratory alkalosis, allowing ventilation to increase without having respiratory alkalosis.

Pseudotumor Cerebri
Sumo-tumor Cerebrum-I

Acetazolamide may be indicated for treatment of pseudotumor cerebri, or idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors may be able to reduce the rate of cerebrospinal fluid production to lower pressure.

CHF Heart-balloon

Acetazolamide may be used for diuresis when treating CHF-associated edema.

Metabolic Alkalosis
Metal-ball Elk-loser

Because of acetazolamide's actions in reducing total body stores of HCO3-, it may be used to treat metabolic alkalosis.

Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor
Carbon-fiber Hydra with Inhibiting-chains

Acetazolamide works by inhibiting carbonic anhydrase, interfering with bicarbonate absorption in the kidneys. Thus, the blood is acidified and the urine is alkalyzed.

Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3) Diuresis
Salt-shaker Bi-car-bomb Die-rocket

Acetazolamide causes self-limited NaHCO3 diuresis, and reduces total body stores of HCO3-.

Metabolic Acidosis
Metal-Ball Acidic-lemon

A side effect of acetazolamide use may be metabolic acidosis, as it causes reduction of total HCO3- body stores, acidifying the blood. Patients may also become hyperchloremic.

Paris-t-shirt with Pins-and-needles

Another adverse effect of acetazolamide may be paresthesias, or tingling and numbness within the fingers and toes.


Take the Acetazolamide Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,820,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.