Symptoms of functional incontinence include increased urinary volume, even if the person is aware of the need to urinate.
Difficulty being able to move quickly enough to reach the toilet, remove clothing, or transfer themselves from a mobility device in time causes conscious retention of urine.
Memory loss and confusion may also cause the patient to lose the ability to recognize the need to void, especially in the later stages or progression of the disease.
Excessive alcohol consumption may lead to functional incontinence. Alcohol can cause the muscles around the bladder to relax, resulting in involuntary bladder leakage as well as inhibiting antidiuretic hormone causing increased urine production.
Cognitive or physical impairments may impair the patient's mobility, resulting in the patient's inability to reach toileting facilities.
The treatment for functional incontinence includes having the patient follow a voiding schedule. This schedule helps the patient empty their bladder at predictable times to avoid incidents of incontinence.
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