Medial epicondylitis is often caused by repetitive wrist flexion and forearm pronation. While it is known as "golfer's elbow", about 90% of cases occur in occupational settings or are idiopathic.
Medial epicondylitis can be caused by repetitive wrist flexion. Golfing and manual labor are often associated with this motion.
Medial epicondylitis can be caused by repetitive forearm pronation. Golfing and manual labor are activities associated with this motion.
Symptoms of medial epicondylitis include pain that is elicted when the patient is flexing with elbow held in extension. About 75% of cases occur in the patient's dominant arm.
Medial epicondylitis can be managed by conservative therapy including physical therapy, orthotics, rest, icing, compression, and elevation.
Injections of saline plus lidocaine or glucocorticoids can also serve as appropriate treatment for medial epicondylitis.
Surgery is a form of treatment for medial epicondylitis and serves as a last resort after exhausting previous options and no improvment or worsening of symptoms after >6 months.
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