The Parkland Formula is used to calculate the amount of fluid given to burn victims.
This formula is used to calculate the amount of fluid given in the first 24 hours.
TBSA %, or total body surface area % burned, is approximated using the rule of 9's. This approximate percentage is then used in the Parkland formula.
The TBSA % is then multiplied against the patient's weight in kg.
The patient's TBSA% x the patient weight in kg is then multiplied by 4.
By multiplying the TBSA % x weight in kg x 4, we are able to calculate the burn victim's fluid requirement in the first 24 hours.
Of the total fluid which is calculated, the first ½ of the calculated fluid requirement is administered in the first 8 hours. The next ½ is then given over the period of 16 hours.
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