Schwannomas are commonly referred to as acoustic Schwannomas due to involvement of cranial nerve VIII.
The tumor commonly affects the vestibular branch of cranial nerve VIII, causing tinnitus and hearing loss.
The cerebellopontine angle is the area between the cerebellum and pons of the brainstem. Schwannomas most commonly occur in the cerebellopontine angle.
Schwannomas are of neural crest origin and stain S100 positive which can help with tumor identification.
Bilateral involvement of cranial nerve VIII is often a component of type II Neurofibromatosis.
Ringing in the ears is a common presentation of Schwannomas when they affect cranial nerve VIII.
The trigeminal nerve is responsible for sensation and certain motor functions of the face and can also be affected.
Involvement of cranial nerve V can alter the corneal reflex, which is also known as the blink reflex. The corneal reflex is an involuntary blinking of the eyelid elicited by stimulation of the cornea. The sensory input is mediated by the ophthalmic branch of cranial nerve V and therefore the corneal reflex can be altered when there is a Schwannoma on cranial nerve V.
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