Master Rosacea with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Rosacea

Rose-ash
tantheman
Rosacea is a cutaneous disorder that can manifest in multiple forms and commonly affects the face. Episodes may be provoked by alcohol, heat, or strong emotions. This disease is commonly divided into 4 subtypes: erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular. Ocular rosacea is commonly seen in association with the other subtypes. In erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, facial flushing and telangiectasias are seen. Management includes protective sunscreen and topical brimonidine. In papulopustular rosacea, papules and pustules can be managed with topical metronidazole. Rhinophyma is a complication of chronic rosacea and results in a deformed-looking nose. Laser ablation can help with some of the inflammation in phymatous rosacea. Finally, avoiding triggers is important for patients with this disease.
9 KEY FACTS
CHARACTERISTICS
Episodes Provoked by Alcohol, Heat, or Emotions
TV Episode with Emoticons and Alcoholic-beverage surrounded by Tiki-torches

Episodes of rosacea are frequently provoked by lifestyle factors such as alcohol consumption, heat and UV exposure, and emotional extremes.

ERYTHEMATOTELANGIECTATIC ROSACEA
Facial Flushing and Telangiectasias
Facial Flushing and Telangiectasia-spider

Central facial flushing and telangiectasias are the most common manifestations of rosacea.

Sun Protection
Bottle of Sunscreen

Proper sun protection is one of the first line recommendations for prevention of rosacea, especially for preventing skin flushing and telangiectasias.

Topical Brimonidine
Brim-cap

Topical brimonidine, an alpha-2 agonist, may be used for treatment of rosacea. Since facial flushing may be a result of dysfunction of superficial blood vessels, brimonidine, a vasoconstrictor, may act by mitigating this dysfunction and reducing excessive blood flow to the face.

PAPULOPUSTULAR ROSACEA
Papules and Pustules
Papules and Pus-pile

Papules and pustules localized to the central face are common in rosacea.

Topical Metronidazole
Metro-knight riding up on Papules and Pustules

Topical metronidazole is commonly used for the papulopustular manifestations of rosacea. Since the exact mechanism underlying rosacea is undefined, the exact mechanism by which metronidazole is useful is not 100% certain. However it is possible that metronidazole helps kill certain skin microbiota which may contribute to inflammation.

PHYMATOUS ROSACEA
Rhinophyma
Rhino with Growth on Nose

If severe and left untreated, the chronic inflammation from rosacea can lead to excessive connective tissue outgrowth, leading to rhinophyma.

Laser Ablation
Laser

Laser ablation has been used for treatment of rhinophymatous skin changes.

CONSIDERATIONS
Avoid Triggers
Avoid-sign with Trigger

Avoiding triggers is advised for prevention of any and all manifestations of rosacea.

Unlock all 9 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!

Take the Rosacea Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,240,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.