Master Tourette Syndrome with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Tourette Syndrome

Turret
Nicholazk
Tourette syndrome is a disorder manifested by motor and phonic tics with onset during childhood. Tics are the clinical hallmark of this condition. Tics are brief, sudden, nonrhythmic, intermittent movements (motor), or utterances (phonic). Diagnosis requires the onset of symptoms before the age of 18. Symptoms should last at least one year. Treatment should begin with psychoeducation and cognitive behavioral therapy. Patients with persistent symptoms can be treated with atypical or typical antipsychotics, tetrabenazine, and alpha-2 agonists.
10 KEY FACTS
CHARACTERISTICS
Motor and Vocal Tics
Tics with motor and vocal microphone

Tics are the clinical hallmark of this condition. Tics are brief, sudden, nonrhythmic, intermittent movements (motor), or utterances (phonic). Both motor and vocal tics are needed for the diagnosis of Tourette syndrome.

Onset Before Age 18
18-Cake

Onset of symptoms before the age of 18 is one of the diagnostic criteria of Tourette syndrome. Symptoms must also not be due to other underlying medical conditions or substance use. There is also a male predominance to this syndrome.

> 1 year
> 1-wand Calendar-year

To meet the diagnosis of Tourette syndrome, symptoms (motor and vocal tics) should be present at least one year.

ASSOCIATIONS
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
OCD-tiles

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a severe, debilitating and often chronic disorder characterized by repetitive, disconcerting thoughts and obsessions that are outside a patient’s control and can interfere with their daily functioning. Patients with OCD are more likely to also suffer from Tourette syndrome.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
AD-HeaD with ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition characterized by inattention and distractibility. Individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) exhibit impulsive, unpredictable, and hyperactive behavior. The incidence of Tourette syndrome is higher in patients who suffer from ADHD.

TREATMENT
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cog Behavioral Therapist

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy based on analyzing and reforming maladaptive thoughts that are contributing to emotional and behavioral distress.
In people with Tourette syndrome, cognitive behavioral therapy helps to normalize activity in the supplementary motor region of the brain by utilizing exercises targeting muscles associated with motor tics. Habit Reversal Training (HRT) and Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT) are components of CBT.

High-Potency Antipsychotics
High Pot Ant-Tie-Psychiatrist

High-potency typical antipsychotics (e.g. haloperidol, fluphenazine, pimozide) can be used for the treatment of Tourette syndrome. These drugs work by blocking D2 receptors in an effort to attenuate dopamine-mediated motor pathways. Unfortunately, they have a high side effect profile and can lead to extrapyramidal symptoms (e.g. tardive dyskinesia) and neuroleptic malignant syndrome.

Atypical Antipsychotics
A-Tipi Ant-Tie-Psychiatrist

Atypical antipsychotics are a class of tranquilizing drugs used to treat psychiatric conditions and include risperidone, olanzapine, clozapine, and ziprasidone. Common indications for these drugs are the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, mania, Tourette syndrome, bipolar disorder, OCD and depression. These drugs have less side effects than their typical counterparts. Risperidone is commonly used for Tourette syndrome.

Alpha-2 Agonists
Afro (2) Tutu Dragonist

This class of drugs works at the α-2 adrenergic receptor, a target of catecholamines in the central and peripheral nervous system.  Alpha-2 agonists that treat both tics and ADHD are guanfacine and clonidine.

Tetrabenazine
Tetris-bonsai

Tetrabenazine depletes presynaptic dopamine and serotonin stores as well as blocks postsynaptic dopamine receptors. In clinical studies, tetrabenazine has been found to be effective in patients with Tourette syndrome and is one of the first-line medications.

Unlock all 10 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!

Take the Tourette Syndrome Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,110,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.