Medicine (MD/DO)
Acid-Base Disorders
Fanconi Syndrome Characteristics

Master Fanconi Syndrome Characteristics with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Fanconi Syndrome Characteristics

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Fanconi Syndrome Causes
picmonic thumbnail
Respiratory Alkalosis
picmonic thumbnail
Respiratory Alkalosis Interventions
picmonic thumbnail
Respiratory Acidosis
picmonic thumbnail
Respiratory Acidosis Interventions

Fanconi Syndrome Characteristics

Fanconi syndrome is a disease of the kidney where a resorption defect in the proximal tubule causes various substrates and electrolytes to be excreted in the urine, such as amino acids, glucose, bicarbonate, and phosphate. As a result, patients suffer electrolyte deficiencies and their sequelae. Treatment of Fanconi syndrome starts with treating the underlying disorder and replacing the lost electrolytes.
Resorption Defect in Proximal Tubule
Not Absorbing Electrolytes in P Tube

Fanconi Syndrome is characterized by a resorption defect in the proximal tubule leading to an increased excretion of phosphate, potassium, and bicarbonate from the urine.


Patients with Fanconi syndrome have hypophosphatemia due to an increase in loss of phosphate in the defective proximal tubule. This can lead to rickets in children and in adults.

Racket of bone

A condition causes by decreased mineralization of bones. It can be due to low vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. This term has been used to describe the condition in children whereas osteomalacia is the term for adults.


A condition caused by the decreased mineralization of bones due to low levels of calcium or phosphate. This term is typically used to describe the condition in adults whereas rickets is the term commonly used for children.


Due to the dysfunction of the proximal convoluted tubule, sodium reabsorption is diminished. This sodium loss contributes to an environment of hypovolemia and secondary hyperaldosteronism, which are coupled with the increased distal delivery of sodium to encourage sodium reabsorption and potassium secretion in the collecting tubule, resulting in hypokalemia.

Metabolic Acidosis
Metal-ball Acidic-lemon

In Fanconi syndrome, excess loss of bicarbonate causes patients to develop metabolic acidosis.

Type 2 Renal Tubular Acidosis
(2) Tutu Kidney Tuba with Acidic-lemon

In Fanconi syndrome, patients develop metabolic acidosis due to excess bicarbonate loss, and this is classified specifically as type 2 renal tubular acidosis.

Treat Underlying Disorder
Underlying Diseased-guy

Managing Fanconi syndrome starts with treating the underlying disorder, in other words, stopping the excess electrolyte excretion. There are many disorders that can cause Fanconi syndrome, including hereditary vs non-hereditary etiologies. Some of these disorders can be reversed.


After addressing the underlying disorder, lost bicarbonate can be replaced to treat the metabolic acidosis.


Take the Fanconi Syndrome Characteristics Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,890,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.