The fascial creep is a release that may be palpated by the practitioner during the execution of myofascial release. This may occur in different levels of the fascia and in different directions. The release is subtle and can only be felt by those who are skilled in osteopathy. Myofascial release can be ended when the fascial creep can no longer be felt
Direct myofascial release refers to myofascial release that is in the direction of the barrier. Indirect myofascial release occurs in the direction of freedom. They both facilitate the inherent release in tissues and can be engaged in the following motions: translation, rotation, distraction, and compression.
Myofascial release can be active or passive but is usually passive. Active treatments involve encouraging the patient to relax; this is dissimilar to other active osteopathic treatments where the patient contracts their muscles. In passive myofascial release the patient does not do anything.
Any direct technique is one in which the barrier to motion or premature restriction of motion is engaged. In direct fascial release, the practitioner applies deep pressure in the direction of the barrier which stretches the tissue.
In myofascial techniques the plane can be engaged rhythmically by creating and holding the stretch then returning to neutral, allowing tissues to relax and repeating the stretch in a rhythmic manner.
It is not in the best interest of the patient to implement any technique that may exacerbate their condition, and in an acute sprain or strain engaging the barrier has the risk of hurting the patient.
Myofascial release is contraindicated in fracture because fractures should be immobilized.
In the case of neurologic and vascular compromise it is best not to manipulate the patient’s tissues for fear of exacerbating the compromise of the tissue.
Myofascial release is contraindicated in malignancy because manipulating the tissue could inadvertently facilitate the spread of malignant cells.
Myofascial release is contraindicated in soft tissue infections (example cellulitis) because manipulating the tissue could inadvertently facilitate the spread of organisms to surrounding tissue.
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