Migraine headaches occur almost three times more often in women than men, and may have a familial component.
These headaches are often made worse with physical activity. In contrast with tension and cluster headaches which are not.
The pain of migraines is unilateral, or on only one side, of the head. Pain is exacerbated by activity, and generally relieved by rest and darkness.
25% of people who suffer from migraines will experience an aura. Auras are focal neurologic symptoms that occur up to one hour before the onset of headache. They may consist of visual, auditory, somatosensory, or motor symptoms. The most common aura symptoms are defects in the visual field, or a perception of bright or flashing lights known as scintillating scotomas.
Sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound (phonophobia) are classic symptoms of migraine headache.
Nausea and vomiting are also classic symptoms of migraine. Note this difference between migraine and tension headaches, as tension headaches are not associated with nausea and vomiting.
Migraine headaches typically last between 4 and 72 hours.
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