Medicine (MD/DO)
Single-stranded Positive-sense RNA Viruses
Rubella TORCH

Master Rubella TORCH with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Rubella TORCH

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Hepatitis C
picmonic thumbnail
Yellow Fever Virus
picmonic thumbnail
picmonic thumbnail
picmonic thumbnail
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Assessment

Rubella TORCH

Red bell torch
Rubella is an RNA virus that can cause congenital TORCH infection. TORCH infections are infections that are acquired in utero or during the birthing process. Mothers who contract the disease typically have symptoms of rash, lymphadenopathy, and arthritis. Nonspecific signs common to many TORCH infections include hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, and thrombocytopenia. The classic triad of neonatal manifestations include patent ductus arteriosus or pulmonary artery hypoplasia, cataracts, and deafness. Infants can also display a blueberry muffin rash and glaucoma. Due to its serious complications, all pregnant women get Rubella titers as part of their routine prenatal care.
Nonspecific TORCH Symptoms
Yellow Torch made of liver and trombone-peanut

Nonspecific signs common to many torch infections include hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, and thrombocytopenia.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Duck Connecting the Pulmonary Artery and Aorta

Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital heart disorder in which a neonate's ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth. Common causes include congenital rubella or prematurity, and if left uncorrected, can lead to pulmonary hypertension and Eisenmenger syndrome.

Pulmonary Artery Hypoplasia
Pulmonary Artery with Hippo-plates

Pulmonary artery hypoplasia refers to underdevelopment or incomplete development of the pulmonary artery and can be a neonatal manifestation of congenital rubella infection.


Cataracts are clouding of the lens of the eye and are a common finding in neonatal rubella infection.


Neurosensory hearing loss is a common finding in neonatal rubella infection.

Blueberry Muffin Rash
Blueberry Muffin with Rash

The term blueberry muffin rash was initially used to describe generalized hemorrhagic purpuric cutaneous manifestations observed in infants with congenital rubella infection. Classically, this rash presents with non blanching, blue red macules or dome shaped papules.


Glaucoma is associated with increased pressure in the eye which can lead to damage of the optic nerve and visual field loss. Glaucoma can be associated with neonatal rubella infection.


Take the Rubella TORCH Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,910,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.