Rhinovirus belongs to the classification of picornavirus, which is defined by non-enveloped, positive stranded RNA virus.
Rhinovirus is the most common cause of the common cold.
There are over 100 serologic types of rhinovirus. This fact is important because it makes it very difficult to immunize against, and also explains why patients continue to get the common cold despite developing antibodies to one serologic type of the virus.
The rhinovirus is killed by low pH environments which means it is killed within the GI tract, and is unable to cause enteritis unlike the other viruses in the picornavirus family.
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