Toxoplasma gondii is a cause of congenital TORCH infections in a fetus whose mother contracts disease during pregnancy due to the ability to cross the placenta.
Mothers who contract the disease are usually asymptomatic.
Mothers who contract the disease are usually asymptomatic and rarely can have swelling of the lymph nodes.
Nonspecific signs common to many torch infections include hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, and thrombocytopenia.
Intrauterine growth retardation is defined as poor growth of a fetus while in the mother's womb during pregnancy. Intrauterine growth retardation is a common finding in infants with TORCH infections.
Hepatosplenomegaly is enlargement of the liver and spleen, and is a common finding in infants with TORCH infections.
Congenital hearing loss is commonly seen in congenital toxoplasmosis.
Chorioretinitis is inflammation of the choroid and retina of the eye, causing symptoms of floating black spots, blurry vision, and pain in the eye. Chorioretinitis is commonly seen in congenital toxoplasmosis.
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal accumulation of CSF in the brain that can cause increased intracranial pressure inside the skull. It is a common finding in infants with congenital toxoplasmosis.
With congenital toxoplasmosis, infants have scattered calcifications in the white matter, basal ganglia and cortex.
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