Cutaneous anthrax causes boil-like lesions in patients, and rarely can progress to bacteremia and death.
Patients display ulcers on the infected areas of the skin, which have a black eschar or crust. These are typically painless, and found to be necrotic when inspected.
Pulmonary anthrax occurs from inhalation of bacterial spores. Patients have flu-like symptoms, which then progresses to fever, pulmonary hemorrhage, shock and death.
After mild, flu-like symptoms, patients develop mediastinitis and mediastinal widening.
Pulmonary anthrax is rapidly progressing, and patients can progress to pulmonary hemorrhage, shock, and rapid death.
Woolsorters' disease occurs in the textile industry, when spores are inhaled from contaminated wool of livestock.
Gastrointestinal anthrax is rare, and occurs from ingestion of bacillus anthracis contaminated meat. Patients typically have poor outcomes.
Consumption of anthrax-infected meat can lead to gastrointestinal anthrax, which has poor survival outcome.
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