This bacterium stains gram negative due to the relatively thin peptidoglycan layer in the cell wall.
This bacteria is commonly described as a pleomorphic bacteria, which means the organism can take on multiple structural forms.
This bacteria has a rod shape.
Cat scratch fever, as the name suggests, often occurs after a cat bite or scratch and is characterized by fever and lymphadenopathy.
Lymphadenopathy, which is swelling of the lymph nodes, is a common finding in cat scratch fever.
Bacillary angiomatosis is characterized by the abnormal proliferation of blood vessels that form tumor-like masses in the skin and other organs caused by the organism Bartonella henselae.
Bacillary angiomatosis is commonly seen in people with AIDS, and is rarely seen in the immunocompetent.
Kaposi sarcoma is a tumor caused by human herpesvirus 8, which can present with purple cutaneous lesions. Kaposi sarcoma may be difficult to distinguish from bacillary angiomatosis upon physical exam and can be distinguished by biopsy.
Unlike Kaposi's sarcoma, bacillary angiomatosis is a benign disease that can be treated with antibiotics. This disease can be fatal without treatment, however, and should be addressed immediately.
Bartonella can rarely cause reactive arthritis, and this usually occurs in HLA-B27 positive patients.
Infection with Bartonella henselae can also lead to necrotizing, non-caseating granulomas. This can lead to complications such as granulomatous hepatitis and splenitis.
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