limited time: blossoming deals SAVE up to 40% NOW
Medicine (MD/DO)
USMLE Step 1
Public Health
Other Topics in Public Health
Disease Prevention Stages

Master Disease Prevention Stages with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Disease Prevention Stages

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Unions and Collective Bargaining
picmonic thumbnail
Drug Trial Phases
picmonic thumbnail
Common Causes of Death in USA

Disease Prevention Stages

Diseased-guy P-vent Stage
Primordial-primitive with a (1) Wand

The earliest prevention stage of the disease is primordial. It targets the social condition that promotes disease onset, for example, making safe sidewalks to facilitate physical activity for people.

Target Social Conditions
Target Social-book

The primordial prevention stage aims to target social conditions.

(1) Wand

Primary prevention is aiming to prevent disease before it occurs. Healthy people are the target population. Examples include activities that reduce the exposure from the cause or increase the immunity capability (e.g., COVID-19 vaccination).

Prevent Disease in Healthy Individuals
P-vent Healthy-smile

Primary prevention aims to prevent disease in healthy individuals.

(2) Tutu

Secondary prevention is aiming to screen early for disease. Healthy people with subclinical features of the disease are the target population. Examples include a Pap smear to screen for cervical cancer.

Screen Healthy-Appearing Individuals
Screen-door Healthy-smile

Secondary prevention aims at screening healthy-appearing individuals.

(3) Tree

Tertiary prevention is aiming to treat disease to reduce the severity of the disease and its complications. Symptomatic people with the disease are the target population. Examples include rehabilitation and chemotherapy.

Treatment of Patients with Disease
Treat Diseased-guy

Tertiary prevention aims at the treatment of patients with the disease.

(4) Fork

Quaternary prevention aims to avoid (quit) overmedicalization to reduce unnecessary medical interventions that are more harmful than their benefit. Patients with illness but without a disease are the target population. Examples include preventing polypharmacy and unnecessary imaging studies.

Prevent Overtreatment
P-vent Overtreats

Quaternary aims to prevent overtreatment in managing disease.


Take the Disease Prevention Stages Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,880,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.