The conflict perspective is a macrosociological perspective, because its unit of analysis is the system as a whole.
The primary focus of the conflict perspective is the struggle between social groups for wealth, power and influence. This struggle can lead to social change and progression.
Conflict theorists have described society's members as falling into one of two camps; "haves" and "have-nots". The "haves" are a minority who control societal resources, while the "have-nots" aspire to gain control from the "haves." Furthermore, the "have-nots" are still scrambling to get the crumbs the "haves" left behind.
Sometimes, the "have-nots" rise up and displace the "haves." This leads to social change, which is viewed by conflict theorists as not only good, but inevitable. They believe this is the way that society progresses.
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