Human Physiology
Endocrine Glands
Anterior Pituitary

Anterior Pituitary Hormones Mnemonic by Picmonic

Forget memorizing hormone names. Picmonic makes it fun with the FLAT PEG mnemonic. Our engaging characters, audio stories, and quizzes help you master the anterior pituitary hormones with ease. Master hormone control with confidence

Anterior Pituitary

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Anterior Pituitary

Anteater Pit-Bull
The anterior pituitary is an endocrine gland that releases a variety of hormones in response to stimulus from the hypothalamus and other sources. ACTH, adrenocorticotropic hormone, stimulates the adrenal glands into releasing cortisol. FSH and LH both stimulate the gonads (ovaries and testes). FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) regulates reproductive processes, sexual maturation, development, and growth. LH stimulates the ovaries and testes into producing estrogen and progesterone, and testosterone respectively. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulates the thyroid gland into producing thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), both of which stimulate metabolism in most tissues. Prolactin is a peptide hormone that stimulates milk production from the mammary glands and can affect levels of sex hormones. The other hormones released, but not shown here, are endorphins, which are released in response to exercise, pain, and excitement and cause a feeling of analgesia (well-being). Finally, growth-hormone stimulates cell reproduction, development, and growth.
Hypothalamic Control

The hypothalamus controls the function of the anterior pituitary, as it sends signals to the pituitary to release or inhibit pituitary hormone production.

FLAT PeG Mnemonic
Flat Peg

The mnemonic “FLAT PeG” can be used to recall all of the hormones released by the anterior pituitary. These are follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), prolactin, endorphins, and growth hormone (GH).

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates the gonads, and is essential to the function of women’s ovaries and the menstrual cycle, along with male development.

Lutenizing Hormone (LH)

LH, or luteinizing hormone, triggers ovulation and development of the corpus luteum in females, and functions in testosterone development in males.

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)

ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic hormone) is released in response to simulation of the anterior pituitary by CRF (Corticotropin-releasing factor), and stimulates the adrenal glands to produce corticosteroids.

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

TSH is released by the anterior pituitary and targets the thyroid gland. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulates the thyroid gland into producing thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), both of which stimulate metabolism in most tissues.

Prolactin (PRL)

Prolactin targets the mammary glands and triggers milk production. It promotes lactation in response to the suckling stimulus. Remember that this is a direct hormone, which goes to target cells. The anterior pituitary also releases endorphins, which similarly work in this direct manner.

Growth Hormone (GH)

Growth-hormone-releasing hormone is secreted by the hypothalamus and triggers the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary. Growth Hormone (GH) is a peptide hormone which stimulates cell reproduction, cell regeneration, and growth.


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