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Physician Assistant (PA)
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PANCE Prep Pearls: 3rd Ed. (2019)
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Other Diseases

Ace Your PANCE Prep Pearls: 3rd Ed. (2019) Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Physician Assistant (PA) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

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PANCE Prep Pearls: 3rd Ed. (2019) | Physician Assistant (PA) School Study Aid

Other Diseases
13 Picmonics to Learn | 32 mins
Francisella tularensis
Mechanism
Contact with Infected Animals
Dermacentor Wood Tick
Deer Fly
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Coccobacilli
Facultative Intracellular
Charcoal Yeast Agar with Cysteine and Iron
Signs and Symptoms
Ulceration
Fever
Painful Lymphadenopathy
Caseating Granulomas
Treatment
Streptomycin
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3 mins
Brucella
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Coccobacillus
Unpasteurized milk
Goat cheese
Inside macrophages
Signs and Symptoms
Lymphadenopathy
Granulomas
Undulating fever
Treatment
Doxycycline
Gentamicin
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2 mins
Coxiella burnetii
Characteristics
Gram Negative Bacteria
Intracellular
Aerosol Transmission
Affects Animal Handlers
Presentation
Q Fever
Flu-like Symptoms
Atypical Pneumonia
Hepatitis
Endocarditis
Diagnosis
Serology
Treatment
Doxycycline
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2 mins
Yersinia Pestis (Black Plague)
Characteristics
Gram-Negative
Bacilli
Oxidase-Negative
Non-lactose Fermenting
Prairie Dogs
Fleas
Polysaccharide Capsule
Vw Antigen
F1 Antigen
Inhibits Macrophages
Southwest Region
Signs and Symptoms
Lymphadenopathy
Pneumonia
Black Cutaneous Hemorrhagic Lesions
Buboes
Diagnosis
Bipolar Giemsa Staining
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3 mins
Necrotizing Fasciitis Pathophysiology and Characteristics
Bacterial Infection of Muscle Fascia and Subcutaneous Fat
Polymicrobial or Monomicrobial
Polymicrobial: Anaerobe + Gram Negative Enterobacteriaceae
Monomicrobial: Group A Streptococcus or Staph Aureus
Clinical Manifestations
Edema Extending Beyond Erythema
Crepitus
Pain Out of Proportion (POOP)
Anesthesia Over Affected Area (Late Finding)
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5 mins
Necrotizing Fasciitis Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis/Workup
Usually a Clinical Diagnosis
Soft Tissue Gas On CT
Management
Emergent Surgical Debridement
Vasopressors and Fluids
IV Immune Globulin If Strep Toxic Shock Syndrome
Antibiotic Regimen
Carbapenem Or Piperacillin-Tazobactam
PLUS Clindamycin
PLUS MRSA Coverage
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4 mins
Listeria Monocytogenes Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Soft Cheese
Pregnant Women Have Flu-Like Symptoms
Pregnant Women Have GI Symptoms
Granulomatosis Infantiseptica
Spontaneous Abortion
Meningitis
Monocytes in CSF
Treatment
Ampicillin
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2 mins
Listeria Monocytogenes Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram Positive
Bacillus
Intracellular
Survives in Cold Temperature
Actin Rocket
Tumbling Motility
Catalase-Positive
Beta-Hemolytic
Only Gram-Positive with Endotoxin-Like Structure
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2 mins
Entamoeba histolytica
Pathophysiology
Protozoa
Amebiasis
Ingestion of Cysts in Food and Water
Signs and Symptoms
Bloody Diarrhea
Flask-Shaped Ulcer
Liver Abscess
Anchovy Paste
RUQ Pain
Diagnosis
RBCs in Cytoplasm of Trophozoite
Cyst With Four Nuclei
Treatment
Metronidazole
Iodoquinol
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3 mins
Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax) Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Cutaneous
Painless Black Eschar (Necrotic Lesion)
Pulmonary
Mediastinal Widening
Rapidly Fatal
Woolsorter's Disease
Gastrointestinal
Consuming Anthrax-infected Meat
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2 mins
Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax) Characteristics
Characteristics
Gram-Positive
Spore-Forming
D-glutamate Polypeptide Capsule
Protective Antigen
Lethal Toxin
Edema Factor
Increased cAMP
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1 min
Ehrlichiosis
Characteristics
Intracellular Gram-Negative Rod
Lone Star Tick
Deer Reservoir
Clinical Features
Fever
Flu-like Symptoms
Rash is Rare
Diagnostic Workup
Antibody Testing
Pancytopenia
Monocytes with Cytoplasmic Morulae
Treatment
Doxycycline
Tetracycline
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2 mins
Anaplasmosis
Characteristics
Ixodes Tick
Deer and Mice Reservoirs
Clinical Features
Flu-Like Symptoms
Fever
Rash is Rare
Diagnosis
Granulocytes with Cytoplasmic Morulae
Antibody Testing
Pancytopenia
Management
Doxycycline
Rifampin
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2 mins

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