Ace Your First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Physician Assistant (PA) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) | Physician Assistant (PA) School Study Aid


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Nephrolithiasis Stone Types (Part 1/2)
Calcium Oxalate
Calcium Oxalate
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Ethylene Glycol
Vitamin C
"Dumbbell", Bipyramidal, or Octahedral-shaped
Radiopaque
Uric Acid
Uric Acid
Gout
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
Rhomboidal, Rosette, or Needle-shaped
Radiolucent
Decreased Urine pH
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2 mins
Nephrolithiasis Stone Types (Part 2/2)
Struvite
Struvite (Ammonium Magnesium Phosphate)
Urinary Tract Infections
"Coffin Lid" Appearance
Radiopaque
Increased Urine pH
Calcium Phosphate
Calcium Phosphate
Hypercalcemia
Wedge-shaped Prisms
Radiopaque
Increased Urine pH
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2 mins
Nephrolithiasis Diagnosis and Management
Diagnosis
Urinalysis with Culture
Noncontrast CT
Ultrasound
Management
< 10 mm
Supportive Care
10-20 mm
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy
Ureteroscopy
> 20 mm
Surgery
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2 mins
Cystinuria
Pathophysiology
Defect of Renal Tubular Amino Acid Transporter
C-O-L-A Acronym
Cystine
Ornithine
Lysine
Arginine
Signs and Symptoms
Excess Cystine in Urine
Hexagonal Crystals
Staghorn Kidney Stones
Diagnosis
Cyanide Nitroprusside Test
Treatment
Acetazolamide to Alkalinize the Urine
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3 mins

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