Ace Your First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Physician Assistant Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) | Physician Assistant School Study Aid


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7 Picmonics to Learn | 17 mins

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Insulinoma
Characteristics
Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor
Benign
Associated with MEN-1
Clinical Features
Whipple Triad
Symptoms of Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia During Episode
Relief with Glucose
Diagnosis
Increased C-peptide
Management
Surgery
Octreotide
Diazoxide
2 mins
Glucagonoma
Characteristics
Pancreatic Neuroendocine Tumor
Originates from A Cells
Clinical Features
Weight Loss
Necrolytic Migratory Erythema
Depression
Diarrhea
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Diabetes Mellitus
Diagnosis
Increased Glucagon
Abdominal CT
Management
Octreotide
Surgical Resection
2 mins
Somatostatinoma
Characteristics
Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor
Originates from Delta Cells
Clinical Features
Steatorrhea
Gallstones
Hyperglycemia
Diagnosis
Increased Somatostatin
Abdominal CT or MRI
Management
Octreotide
Surgical Resection
Chemotherapy
2 mins
Bronchial Carcinoid Tumor
Characteristics
Excellent Prognosis
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms of Bronchial Obstruction
Often Asymptomatic
Carcinoid Syndrome
Diarrhea
Wheezing
Flushing
Diagnosis
5-HIAA in Urine
Nests of Neuroendocrine Cells
Chromogranin A Positive
Treatment
Surgical Resection
Octreotide for Symptomatic Relief
2 mins
Carcinoid Syndrome
Pathophysiology
Neuroendocrine Cells
Serotonin
Appendix
Diagnosis
Chromogranin A
Neuron Specific Enolase
Dense Core Bodies on EM
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms When Metastasize to Liver
Flushing
Wheezing
Right Heart Murmur
Diarrhea
4 mins
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome Disease
Pathophysiology
Gastrin-Secreting Tumor
Increased Gastric Acid
Recurrent Peptic Ulcers
MEN Type 1
Symptoms
Abdominal Pain
Heartburn (Pyrosis)
Diarrhea
3 mins
Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis
Gastrin > 1000 pg/mL
Positive Secretin Stimulation Test
Treatment
High-Dose PPI
Octreotide
Surgical Resection
3 mins

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