Ace Your First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Physician Assistant (PA) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2021) | Physician Assistant (PA) School Study Aid


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5 Picmonics to Learn | 10 mins

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Vitamin A (Retinol) Function and Deficiency
Mechanism
Retinol
Constituent of Visual Pigments
Differentiation of Epithelial Cells into Specialized Tissue
Signs and Symptoms
Night Blindness
Dry Skin
Considerations
Used to Treat Measles
Antioxidant
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2 mins
Vitamin A (Retinol) Toxicity
Signs and Symptoms
Alopecia
Vision Changes
Headache
Skin Changes
Hyperlipidemia
Hepatotoxicity
Arthralgias
Teratogen
Cleft palate
Cardiac Abnormalities
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3 mins
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)
Mechanism
Branched-chain Ketoacid Dehydrogenase
Pyruvate Dehydrogenase
Alpha-ketoglutarate Dehydrogenase
Transketolase
DEFICIENCY EFFECTS
Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
Beriberi
ATP Depletion
Aerobic Tissues Like Brain and Heart Affected First
Considerations
Deficiency Can Worsen with Glucose Infusion
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2 mins
Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
Thiamine deficiency
Confusion
Ophthalmoplegia
Ataxia
Korsakoff
Confabulation
Personality Changes
Memory loss
Alcoholics
Damage to medial dorsal nucleus
Damage to mammillary bodies
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2 mins
Beriberi (Thiamine Deficiency)
Thiamine deficiency
Dry beriberi
Polyneuritis
Muscle wasting
Wet beriberi
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Edema
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50 secs

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