Violent behavior is often seen in individuals abusing PCP. PCP abuse induces rage reactions and impulsivity. Belligerent and aggressive behavior occurs toward the abuser as well as others. Feelings of homicidality may develop.
Psychomotor agitation caused by PCP ingestion results in impaired motor function. Individuals abusing PCP may experience feelings of enhanced strength and endurance.
PCP abuse lead to physical symptoms such as vertical or horizontal nystagmus, or involuntary eye movement that rotates the eyes sideways or up-and-down. Nystagmus may decrease the individual's vision, since it affects the eyes' ability to rotate and sustain visual images.
Individuals abusing PCP may develop an increased tolerance to pain. The effects of the drug cause numbness or a diminished pain response.
Physical symptoms of PCP abuse include tachycardia and hypertension caused by overstimulation of the sympathetic system.
PCP abuse may induce psychobehavioral symptoms such as delirium. Symptoms of delirium may persist after other effects of PCP wear off. Delirium caused by PCP abuse may be treated with antipsychotics.
Individuals abusing PCP may experience psychosis and hallucinations. PCP abuse may cause feelings of disconnection from reality and separation from one's body and environment. Anxiety, depression, and amnesia are also symptoms of psychosis induced by PCP ingestion.
High doses of PCP affects the central nervous system and mental status. PCP abuse may lead to seizures, coma, and ultimately death. Monitor the patient for respiratory issues and initiate respiratory support as needed. The individual abusing PCP may experience neuromuscular disturbances including muscle rigidity and loss of coordination.
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