The bone is still in alignment and the periosteum is intact. Examples are transverse, spiral, or greenstick.
The two ends of the bones are separated from each other. Examples are comminuted and oblique.
The fracture occurs across the bone shaft, but the bone is still in one piece and may be due to a bending or crushing force applied to the bone.
This type of break is completely through the bone.
The skin remains intact. Used to be called simple fracture.
The skin is broken and bone and soft tissue can be seen. Used to be called compound fracture.
This relates to the direction of the fracture, which can be linear, oblique, transverse, longitudinal, and spiral.
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