Beat The Heat SAVE 25% NOW
Registered Nurse (RN)
Pharmacological Nursing
Diabetic Medications
Metformin (Glucophage)

Master Metformin (Glucophage) with Picmonic for Nursing RN

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Metformin (Glucophage)

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
picmonic thumbnail
Mixing NPH and Regular Insulin for Injection
picmonic thumbnail
Chlorpropamide and Tolbutamide (Orinase) (1st Generation Sulfonylureas)
picmonic thumbnail
Glyburide and Glipizide (2nd Generation Sulfonylureas)
picmonic thumbnail
Pioglitazone (Thiazolidinediones)

Metformin (Glucophage)

Metformin functions by decreasing glucose production and increasing insulin sensitivity. It is recommended for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Metformin is associated with minimal side effects, including nausea, diarrhea, decreased appetite, and lactic acidosis. Alcohol intake and IV contrast agents should be used with caution when metformin is administered.
Decrease Glucose Production
Down-arrow Glue

Metformin is an oral hypoglycemic drug that decreases the production of glucose within the liver and increases the sensitivity of existing insulin by action on the target cells

Increase Insulin Sensitivity
Up-arrow Insect-syringe Crying

Metformin works by decreasing the production of glucose and reducing resistance to existing insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes
Dyed-bead-pancreas in (2) Tutu

Metformin is the recommended drug for the initial treatment of Type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes because it decreases the production of glucose and increases the sensitivity of insulin. Generally, metformin is started if diet and exercise modifications have not been effective for the management of Type 2 diabetes.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Peacock with PCOS

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by excess androgens and increased insulin resistance. Metformin has been found to be effective in treating PCOS, as it increases the sensitivity of insulin. The outcome of this response is improved glucose tolerance, improved ovulatory menstrual cycles, and increased pregnancy rates.

GI Distress
GI with Flare-gun

Because metformin functions in the liver to decrease the production of glucose, it often causes gastrointestinal symptoms, including nausea, diarrhea, decreased appetite, and lactic acidosis. Further, metformin reduces the absorption of folic acid and vitamin B12 and may lead to vitamin deficiency.

Decreased Appetite
X on Mouth

Metformin works by decreasing glucose production, increasing insulin sensitivity, and may decrease appetite, leading to weight loss.

Lactic Acidosis
Lake of Acidic-lemon

Lactic acidosis is a rare side effect of metformin and is indicative of drug toxicity. This side effect occurs because metformin inhibits the normal oxidation of lactic acid, which promotes the development of lactic acidosis. Patients taking metformin should be assessed for signs of lactic acidosis, which include hyperventilation, malaise, myalgia, and somnolence. Because these symptoms may present as subtle, and non specific, ensure to monitor the patient closely should these signs occur. Lactic acidosis is considered a medical emergency requiring hospital treatment.

IV Contrast
IV-bag and Contrasting-con

Metformin should be held 1-2 days before the use of IV contrast agents and 48 hours after administration. IV contrast agents contain iodine, which can promote renal failure and further exacerbate lactic acidosis.

Limit Alcohol Consumption
Limiting Alcoholic-martini

Alcohol should be limited in patients taking metformin. Alcohol further limits the breakdown of lactic acidosis and, therefore, promotes and intensifies metformin-induced lactic acidosis.


Take the Metformin (Glucophage) Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Registered Nurse (RN) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,910,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Registered Nurse (RN) student study app.

Picmonic for Registered Nurse (RN) covers information that is relevant to your entire Registered Nurse (RN) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer your NCLEX®-RN, Hesi, ATI, TEAS test, Kaplan exams, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Registered Nurse (RN) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.