Master Hypertension Medications with Picmonic for Nursing RN

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Hypertension Medications

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Antihypertensive medications along with lifestyle modifications are the mainstay of treatment for patients with hypertension. There are a variety of antihypertensive medications that can be used including diuretics, beta blockers, angiotension receptor blockers (ARBs), calcium channel blockers (CCBs), and ace inhibitors (ACEI).

5 KEY FACTS
Diuretics
Die-Rocket

These medications are used to lower blood pressure by reducing circulating fluid volume. There are several types of diuretics such as thiazides (hydrochlorothiazide), loop diuretics (furosemide, ethracrynic acid) and potassium sparing diuretics (spironolactone).

Beta Blockers
Beta-fish with Blocks

Beta-blockers block sympathetic nerve impulses in the heart leading to a reduction in the heart rate. This results in a decrease in cardiac output. Ex. Atenolol, Propranolol, Metoprolol.

Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs)
Angel-tennis Player

Has a more specific effect on the system than ACE inhibitors. This medication specifically blocks angiotensin II from binding to vessel receptors, preventing vasoconstriction. Ex. Losartan, Olmesartan.

Calcium Channel Blockers
Calcium-cow Channel with Blocks

Calcium channel blockers causes systemic vasodilatation resulting in a reduced peripheral vascular resistance. Ex. Diltiazem, Verapamil, Nifedipine.

ACE Inhibitors
Ace with Inhibiting-chains

This medication has several effects. It decreases the amount of angiotensin II and aldosterone in the system resulting in vasodilation and lowering circulating fluid volume. ACE inhibitors slow the progression of renal damage in patients with diabetes. Ex. Captopril, Lisinopril, Enalapril.

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