Master Discomforts of Pregnancy - First Trimester with Picmonic for Nursing RN

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Discomforts of Pregnancy - First Trimester

Pregnant-woman throwing off Comforter with (1) Wand
During the first trimester of pregnancy, the physiological changes occurring in the  breast, urinary, and reproductive organs lead to some discomfort. It is an important component of prenatal care to educate the newly pregnant women on the changes that are occurring and what self-care management strategies that can be done to alleviate the discomfort.
Breast Tenderness
Breast Tenderizer

During the first trimester, the pregnant woman will experience breast tenderness. This occurs because tissue develops increased vasculature, and hypertrophies which increases the size and sensitivity of the breast.

Supportive Bra
Supporting Bra

To help decrease breast discomfort, the pregnant woman should wear a more supportive bra.

Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting occurs in 50-75% of pregnant woman. Although the exact cause is unknown, theories suggest that morning sickness may be caused by hormonal changes, increased hCG levels, or may be linked to emotional changes.

Frequent Small Meals
Frequent Small Meals around the clock

To prevent the occurrence of nausea and vomiting, the pregnant woman should eat dry carbs, such as crackers and should practice eating small carbs upon awakening in the morning.

Urinary Frequency and Urgency
Urinating Frequency-wave and Urgently squeezing knees

The pregnant woman may experience increased urgency and frequency in urination as the bladder function becomes altered by the release of hormones and growth of the uterus.

Frequently Empty Bladder
Frequently Emptying Bladder around the clock

To aid with the increased urinary urgency and frequency, the pregnant woman should practice emptying the bladder frequently, perform Kegel exercises, decrease fluid intake before bed, and notify the health care provider if she experiences pain or burning upon urination.


During the first trimester, the pregnant woman may also experience leukorrhea, which is defined as increased vaginal mucus discharge. This is due to the cervix becoming more hyperactive and hypertrophying; thereby producing increased amounts of mucus.

Perineal Pad

To manage the increased vaginal discharge, the pregnant woman should wear a perineal pad and practice good perineal hygiene. Douching is not recommended for the pregnant woman.


The pregnant woman may experience increased salivation, termed ptyalism, which is due to increased estrogen levels or avoidance of swallowing due to nausea. It is recommended that the pregnant woman use mouthwash, chew gum or eat hard candy to decrease salivation.

Unlock all 9 facts & definitions with Picmonic Free!

Take the Discomforts of Pregnancy - First Trimester Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Ace Your Registered Nurse (RN) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,240,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Registered Nurse (RN) student study app.

Picmonic for Registered Nurse (RN) covers information that is relevant to your entire Registered Nurse (RN) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer your NCLEX®-RN, Hesi, ATI, TEAS test, Kaplan exams, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Registered Nurse (RN) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.