Master Discomforts of Pregnancy - First Trimester with Picmonic for Nursing RN

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Discomforts of Pregnancy - First Trimester

Pregnant-woman throwing off Comforter with (1) Wand
Picmonic
During the first trimester of pregnancy, the physiological changes occurring in the  breast, urinary, and reproductive organs lead to some discomfort. It is an important component of prenatal care to educate the newly pregnant women on the changes that are occurring and what self-care management strategies that can be done to alleviate the discomfort.
9 KEY FACTS
Breast Tenderness
Breast Tenderizer

During the first trimester, the pregnant woman will experience breast tenderness. This occurs because tissue develops increased vasculature, and hypertrophies which increases the size and sensitivity of the breast.

Supportive Bra
Supporting Bra

To help decrease breast discomfort, the pregnant woman should wear a more supportive bra.

Nausea and Vomiting
Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting occurs in 50-75% of pregnant woman. Although the exact cause is unknown, theories suggest that morning sickness may be caused by hormonal changes, increased hCG levels, or may be linked to emotional changes.

Frequent Small Meals
Frequent Small Meals around the clock

To prevent the occurrence of nausea and vomiting, the pregnant woman should eat dry carbs, such as crackers and should practice eating small carbs upon awakening in the morning.

Urinary Frequency and Urgency
Urinating Frequency-wave and Urgently squeezing knees

The pregnant woman may experience increased urgency and frequency in urination as the bladder function becomes altered by the release of hormones and growth of the uterus.

Frequently Empty Bladder
Frequently Emptying Bladder around the clock

To aid with the increased urinary urgency and frequency, the pregnant woman should practice emptying the bladder frequently, perform Kegel exercises, decrease fluid intake before bed, and notify the health care provider if she experiences pain or burning upon urination.

Leukorrhea
Luke-oreo

During the first trimester, the pregnant woman may also experience leukorrhea, which is defined as increased vaginal mucus discharge. This is due to the cervix becoming more hyperactive and hypertrophying; thereby producing increased amounts of mucus.

Perineal Pad
Pad

To manage the increased vaginal discharge, the pregnant woman should wear a perineal pad and practice good perineal hygiene. Douching is not recommended for the pregnant woman.

Ptyalism
Talisman-salivation

The pregnant woman may experience increased salivation, termed ptyalism, which is due to increased estrogen levels or avoidance of swallowing due to nausea. It is recommended that the pregnant woman use mouthwash, chew gum or eat hard candy to decrease salivation.

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