Beat The Heat SAVE 25% NOW
Registered Nurse (RN)
Medical Surgical Nursing & Pathophysiology
Urinary Disorders
Renal Calculi Interventions

Master Renal Calculi Interventions with Picmonic for Nursing RN

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

Renal Calculi Interventions

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Renal Calculi Assessment
picmonic thumbnail
Urinary Tract Infection Prevention and Treatment
picmonic thumbnail
Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms
picmonic thumbnail
Urge Incontinence
picmonic thumbnail
Functional Incontinence

Renal Calculi Interventions

Kidney-boat Cow-captain
Renal calculi is characterized as flank pain caused by the formation of kidney stones within the urinary tract (refer to the Picmonic on "Renal Calculi Assessment"). Drug therapy includes opioids, NSAIDs, and antibiotics. To prevent recurrent stone formation, increasing fluid intake is recommended to keep urine diluted and free-flowing. Additional interventions include lithotripsy and surgical removal of kidney stones. Identifying the cause of renal calculi is critical for treatment planning. A low sodium diet is recommended to prevent recurrent kidney stone formation. Although most stones smaller than 4 mm will pass spontaneously, it may take weeks for the stone to pass.
Increase Fluid Intake
Up-arrow Fluid Intake

Increasing fluid intake for adequate hydration is recommended in patients with renal calculi. Adequate hydration helps keep urine diluted and free flowing to decrease the risk of recurrent stone formation. Unless contraindicated, encourage the patient to intake 3 L/day for urine output of 2 L/day. Since they may contribute to dehydration and recurrent renal calculi, instruct the patient to avoid colas, coffee, and tea. Avoid forcing fluids to prevent increasing pain or worsening renal colic.


The passing of kidney stones may cause significant discomfort and pain. Opioids are prescribed to help relieve renal colic pain caused by kidney stones.


During the inflammatory process, prostaglandins are released and cause redness and pain. NSAIDs decrease the release of prostaglandin E and lessens spasms caused by renal calculi (refer to the Picmonic on "Ibuprofen (NSAIDs)." The anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties of NSAIDs are indicated to help relieve pain caused by the passing of kidney stones.


Antibiotics are given to treat kidney infections related to renal calculi. Acetohydroxamic acid may be prescribed to prevent further stone formation. The medication inhibits bacterial chemical activity that promotes stone formation.


Lithotripsy is a procedure indicated to fragment kidney stones for elimination from the urinary tract. Procedures include laser lithotripsy, extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous ultrasonic lithotripsy, and electrohydraulic lithotripsy. Since hematuria is common after lithotripsy procedure, a ureteral stent is inserted afterwards to prevent sand build up leading to obstruction and bleeding.

Surgical Stone Removal
Surgeon Removing Stone with Scalpel

Surgical stone removal is indicated for patients with renal calculi experiencing severe pain, infection, and obstruction. Depending on the location of the stone, surgical procedures to remove the stone include nephrolithotomy, pyelolithotomy, ureterolithotomy, and cystotomy. Since the renal structures are highly vascularized, it is critical to monitor the patient for hemorrhage during surgery. An endourologic procedure may be done to remove kidney stones located in the bladder. Cystoscopy is indicated to remove small stones, while cystolithotripsy is done to remove larger stones. Ureteroscopes are used to remove stones located in the renal pelvis and upper urinary tract.

Identify Type CT-KUB
Magnifying-glass Typewriter

Identifying the patient's type of renal calculi is critical for determining the treatment plan for the underlying disease. Certain medications are prescribed to treat and prevent further stone formation. Patients with calcium oxalate kidney stones are prescribed thiazide diuretics, cellulose phosphate, potassium citrate, cholestyramine, and calcium lactate. Allopurinol and potassium citrate are indicated to help treat uric acid stones. Alpha-penicillamine, tiopronin, and potassium citrate are given to individuals with renal calculi caused by excessive levels of cystine. The diagnostic tool CT-KUB (kidney, ureters, and bladder) is a noncontrast spiral CT scan, which is commonly used. The CT-KUB is a quick and noninvasive procedure that does not involve IV contrast.

Low Sodium Diet
Low Salt-shaker and Nutritional-plate

High levels of sodium increase calcium in the urine, and too much calcium in the urine can lead to stone formations. Therefore, dietary sodium restriction is recommended for patients with renal calculi.


Take the Renal Calculi Interventions Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Registered Nurse (RN) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,910,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Registered Nurse (RN) student study app.

Picmonic for Registered Nurse (RN) covers information that is relevant to your entire Registered Nurse (RN) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer your NCLEX®-RN, Hesi, ATI, TEAS test, Kaplan exams, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Registered Nurse (RN) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.