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Fundamentals of Nursing Nursing (RN) School Study Aid


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Routes of Administration
8 Picmonics to Learn | 17 mins

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Routes of Administration Part One
Enteral Administration
Oral
Sublingual
Buccal
Rectal
Tubes
Topical or Mucous Membrane Administration
Transdermal
Drops/Spray
Vaginal
Inhalation Administration
Inhalation
2 mins
Routes of Administration Part Two (Parenteral)
Parenteral Administration
Intradermal
Subcutaneous
Intramuscular (IM)
Intravenous
Epidural
Intrathecal
Intraosseous
Intraperitoneal
2 mins
Eye Medication Administration
Procedure
Supine with Neck Hyperextended
Wash Away Crusts
Cotton Ball on Cheekbone
For Ophthalmic Drops
Instill Drops into Conjunctival Sac
Repeat if Missed or Patient Blinks
5 Minutes Before 2nd Medication
For Ophthalmic Ointment
Thin Stream Along Inner Edge
Inner Canthus to Outer Canthus
2 mins
Ear Drops Medication Administration
Indications
Earwax Buildup
Ear Infections
Pulling The Pinna
Child - Back and Downward
Adult - Back and Upward
Procedure
Side-Lying with Ear Up
Instill Medication
Stay for 2-3 Minutes
Nursing Considerations
Room Temperature
May Massage Tragus
Perforated Eardrum
2 mins
Needle Sizes and Uses
Adjust Size Based on Height/Weight
Subcutaneous Injections
3/8 or 5/8 inch
Intramuscular (IM)
1-1.5 inches
1 min
Parenteral Medications
Intravenous (IV)
Fast-Acting
Greatest Risk
Intramuscular (IM)
Common Injections Sites: Deltoid, Vastus Lateralis, Ventrogluteal, and Dorsogluteal Muscles
Absorbed Fast
Vaccines and Epinephrine
3 mL Limit
Subcutaneous (SC)
Common Injections Sites: Abdomen, Arm, and Thigh
Absorbed Slower
Insulin and Hormones
Small Volumes
Intradermal (ID)
Common Injection Sites: Back of Forearm and Upper Back
Longest to Absorb
Tuberculosis and Allergy Testing
Under 0.5 mL
5 mins
Intramuscular Medication (IM) Administration
Risks
Injury to Nerves, Bone, and Blood Vessels
Sites
Deltoid
Vastus Lateralis
Ventrogluteal
Nursing Considerations
Selection of Needle Length
Aseptic Technique for Drawing Up
Z-Track
90 Degree Angle
Max Amount (2-5 mL Adult, 1 mL Child)
Techniques to Reduce Pain
2 mins
Intradermal Medication Administration
SKIN TESTING
Tuberculin Screening
Allergy Testing
INTRADERMAL SITES
Dermis
Inner Forearm or Upper Back
INTRADERMAL Injection
1mL Syringe (26 or 27 Gauge Needle)
5 to 15 Degrees
Small Bleb
2 mins

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