RACE is a common mnemonic used for remembering the proper order of actions to be initiated in the event of a fire emergency.
You should rescue any clients who are in immediate danger. The nurse should prioritize patients to rescue always selecting the patients who are at the highest risk for injury from the fire first.
Activating the fire alarm and calling for help is the next step in dealing with a fire.
Confine the fire as much as possible. This includes things like closing doors to rooms, closing fire doors on floors of buildings, placing wet towels along the base of doorways and turning off sources of oxygen and other flammable gases.
Attempt to extinguish the fire if it can be done in a safe manner. Obtain a fire extinguisher, pull the pin and aim the extinguisher at the base of the fire using sweeping motions until the fire is controlled. Three varieties of extinguishers exist. Type A is for ordinary items like wood. Type B is used for flammable liquids, while Type C is used for electrical equipment.
A mnemonic for operating a fire extinguisher. P- Pull the pin. A- Aim at the base of the fire. SS - Sweep from Side to Side until the fire is controlled.
Be aware of all fire exits and fire emergency evacuation plans. It is important to keep these areas clear from equipment and any clutter.
In the event of a fire elevators should not be used.
It is important to remember that patients on mechanical ventilators will need to be manually ventilated with a bag valve mask.
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