Self-esteem needs are the fourth priority after physiologic, safety and security, and love and belonging. An individual is unable to reach higher priorities until the lower needs are met. Self-esteem is considered the second of the higher-level needs in Maslow's hierarchy, after love and belonging. Maslow divided self-esteem into two sections, the first being esteem for oneself and the second being the aspiration for reputation or respect from others. When writing nursing exams, remember that esteem patient needs are prioritized fourth.
The first of the two self-esteem levels is esteem for oneself, which includes dignity, success, and independence. It involves the need for a person to feel good about themselves and have a sense of accomplishment. Factors that can affect one’s esteem include changes that result in an altered body image (e.g. injury, illness, surgery, weight gain).
The second level of self-esteem is the aspiration for reputation or respect from others. It involves the need for others to respect and appreciate one's accomplishments. Nurses can facilitate feelings of confidence, independence, and self-worth by valuing a patient's beliefs, respecting their values, and supporting the patient in establishing attainable goals.
Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.
*Average video play time: 2-3 minutes
Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)