Ace Your Reproductive System Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Nurse Practitioner (NP) Students

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Reproductive System | Nurse Practitioner (NP) School Study Aid


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Female Reproductive Disorders
24 Picmonics to Learn | 35 mins

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Contraception
Indications
Preventing Unplanned Pregnancy
Barrier Methods
Spermicides
Diaphragm
Cervical Cap
Contraceptive Sponge
Male Condom
Hormonal Method
Oral Contraceptive
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
Injectable Progestins
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2 mins
Endometriosis Characteristics
Endometrial Tissue Outside of Uterus
Glands and Stroma
Most Common in Ovary, Pelvis, Peritoneum and Bowels
"Chocolate Cyst" in Ovary
Adenomyosis
Theories
Retrograde Flow
Metaplastic Transformation
Mullerianosis
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1 min
Endometriosis Symptoms and Treatment
Symptoms
Dysmenorrhea
Cyclic Pelvic Pain
Dyschezia
Dysuria
Dyspareunia
30-40% are Infertile
Treatment
Surgery
NSAIDs
OCPs
Progesterone (Progestins)
GnRH Agonists
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1 min
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Mechanism
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Chlamydia Trachomatis
Symptoms
Cervical Motion Tenderness
Chandelier Sign
Salpingitis
Tubo-ovarian abscess
Hydrosalpinx
Complications
Ectopic Pregnancy
Infertility
Adhesions
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome
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2 mins
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Interventions
Antibiotics
No Intercourse for 3 Weeks
Semi-Fowler's Position
Analgesics
Monitor Temperature
Treat Partners
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2 mins
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Mechanism
Mechanism
Hyperinsulinemia Increases GnRH Pulse Frequency
Large Increase in LH
Small Decrease in FSH
Increased Androgen Production From Theca-Lutein Cells
Decreased Steroid Hormone-Binding-Globulin (SHBG) Causes Increased Free Testosterone
Obese Patients Have Increased Estrogen
Increased Risk of Endometrial Cancer
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2 mins
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Treatment
Weight Loss
Oral Contraceptives
Clomiphene Citrate
Anti-androgens
Cyclic Progesterone for Endometrial Protection
Metformin
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1 min
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Symptoms and Diagnosis
Symptoms
Most Common Cause of Infertility in Women
Amenorrhea
Acne
Hirsutism
Obesity
Diagnosis
Enlarged, Cystic Ovaries
LH:FSH Ratio of 3:1
"String of Pearls" on Ultrasound
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1 min
Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
Assessment
Bimodal Age Distribution
Painless Vaginal Bleeding
Amenorrhea
Menorrhagia (Heavy Menstrual Bleeding)
Metrorrhagia (Bleeding Between Menses)
Interventions
Balloon Thermotherapy
Hormone Medications
Dilation and Curettage (DandC)
Considerations
Monitor for Anemia
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3 mins
Infertility
No Conception After 1 Year
Interventions
Artificial Insemination
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Drug Therapy
Clomiphene Citrate (Clomid)
Menotropins
GnRH Agonists
Considerations
Treat Underlying Disorders
Emotional Support
Multiple Gestations
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3 mins
Menopause Symptoms
Symptoms
HAVOCS Mnemonic
Hot Flashes
Atrophy of Vagina
Osteoporosis
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Sleep disturbances
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50 secs
Menopause Lab Findings
Decreased Estrogen
Lack of Negative Feedback
Increased FSH
Increased LH
Increased GnRH
Small Amount of Estrogen From Androgen Conversion
Increased Androgens = Hirsutism
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1 min
Yolk Sac Tumor
Germ-cell tumor
AFP
Aggressive Malignancy
Yellow, Friable Solid
Schiller-Duval Bodies
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43 secs
Teratoma
Germ-cell Tumor
Dermoid Cyst
Immature Teratoma
Struma Ovarii
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2 mins
Krukenberg Tumor
Non-germ Cell Tumor
Lymphatic Spread to Ovaries
Metastasis
GI Malignancy
Mucin-secreting Signet Cell
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34 secs
Granulosa Cell Tumor
Granulosa Cells
Non-germ cell tumor
Endometrial Carcinoma
Call-Exner bodies
Estrogen producing
Precocious Puberty
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42 secs
Fibromas
Non-germ cell tumor
Meigs Syndrome
Thecoma
Pulling sensation in groin
Spindle-shaped fibroblasts
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44 secs
Dysgerminoma
Germ-cell tumor
Most Common Malignant Germ Cell Tumor
Uniform Cells
Fried Egg Cells
hCG
LDH
Seminoma-like
Turner Syndrome
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2 mins
Ovarian Cystadenoma
Non-germ cell tumor
Serous
Unilocular
Bilateral
Mucinous
Multilocular
Benign
Most Common
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48 secs
Ovarian Cystadenocarcinoma
Non-germ Cell Tumor
Mucinous
Peritoneal Spread
Serous
Psammoma Bodies
Bilateral
Malignant
Stromal Invasion
CA 125
BRCA-1 and Lynch Syndrome
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1 min
Choriocarcinoma
Germ-cell tumor
Trophoblastic tissue
Hematogenous spread to lungs
Malignant
Theca-lutein cysts
Hydatidiform Mole
hCG
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59 secs
Brenner Tumor
Pathophysiology
Non-germ cell tumor
Transitional epithelium
Benign and unilateral
Coffee bean nuclei
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2 mins
Uterine Leiomyoma (Fibroids) Characteristics and Presentation
Most Common Gynecologic Tumor
Benign Smooth Muscle Tumor
Risk Factors
Early Menarche
Hormone Sensitive
African Americans
Presentation
Abnormal Menses
Infertility
Urinary Symptoms
Irregular Enlarged Uterus
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3 mins
Endometrial Hyperplasia
Characteristics
Unopposed Estrogen
With or Without Atypia
Signs and Symptoms
Postmenopausal Vaginal Bleeding
Amenorrhea
Menorrhagia
Metrorrhagia
Short Menstrual Cycles
Diagnosis
Transvaginal Ultrasound
Treatment
Progesterone
Complications
Endometrial Carcinoma
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2 mins

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