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First Aid
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First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2023)
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First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2023) | Medicine (MD/DO) School Study Aid

Page 399 -
8 Picmonics to Learn | 18 mins
Hepatic Adenoma
Characteristics
Benign
Epithelial Tumor
Associations
Anabolic Steroids
Oral Contraceptives
Treatment
Cessation of the Cause
Surgical Resection
Considerations
Spontaneous Regression
Risk of Rupture
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2 mins
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Characteristics and Presentation
Characteristics
Malignant Liver Cancer
Risk Factors
Cirrhosis
Chronic Hepatitis B or C
Aflatoxin
Alcoholic and Nonalcoholic Liver Disease
Presentation
Clinical Findings of Cirrhosis
Often Asymptomatic
Jaundice
Ascites
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2 mins
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Diagnosis and Management
DIAGNOSIS
Increased AFP
Ultrasound
Abdominal CT or MRI
MANAGEMENT
Surgical Resection
Transplantation
Image-guided Procedures
Surveillance
CONSIDERATIONS
Poor Prognosis
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3 mins
Budd-Chiari Syndrome
Causes
Pregnancy and Postpartum
Hematologic Disorders
Tumors
Chronic Infections
Mechanism
Thrombosis of Major Hepatic Veins
Centrilobular Congestion and Necrosis
Symptoms
Abdominal Pain
Ascites
Hepatomegaly
Nutmeg Liver
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3 mins
Hepatic Hemangioma
Characteristics
Benign Venous Malformation
Most Common Benign Liver Tumor
Appears in Patients 30-50 Years Old
Clinical Features
Asymptomatic
Abdominal Pain
Diagnosis
MRI
Considerations
Biopsy Contraindicated
Treatment
Observation
Surgery
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2 mins
Angiodysplasia
Pathophysiology
Tortuous Dilation of Vessels
Fragile Blood Vessels
Right-Sided Colon
Signs and Symptoms
Hematochezia
Painless
Diagnosis
Endoscopy
Angiography
Associations
Von Willebrand Disease
Aortic Stenosis
Elderly
Chronic Renal Failure
Treatment
Supportive
Surgery
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2 mins
Alpha 1 Antitrypsin Deficiency
Characteristics
Decreased Alpha Anti Trypsin
Increased Elastase Activity
Decreased Elastic Tissue
Misfolded Protein Aggregates
PAS+ Globules
Clinical Features
Panacinar Emphysema
Dyspnea
Cirrhosis
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
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2 mins
Focal Nodular Hyperplasia
Benign Tumor
Unknown Etiology
Asymptomatic
Central Stellate Scar on Imaging
Conservative Treatment
Excellent Prognosis
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2 mins

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