☀️
summer slump sale Save up to 40% today
Medicine (MD/DO)
/
First Aid
/
First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2018)
/
Page 243 -

Ace Your First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2018) Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medicine (MD/DO) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

get premium

First Aid for the USMLE Step 1 (2018) | Medicine (MD/DO) School Study Aid

Page 243 -
30 Picmonics to Learn | 44 mins
Acetaminophen Antidote
Antidote
N-Acetylcysteine
picmonic thumbnail
33 secs
Amphetamine Antidote
Antidote
Ammonium Chloride (NH4Cl)
Acidify Urine
picmonic thumbnail
34 secs
Antimuscarinic Antidote
Antidote
Physostigmine Salicylate
picmonic thumbnail
44 secs
Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor Antidote
Antidote
Atropine
Pralidoxime
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Arsenic, Gold and Copper Antidotes
Toxic Metals
Arsenic
Gold
Copper
Antidotes
Penicillamine
Dimercaprol (BAL)
Succimer
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Lead Antidotes
Antidotes
Dimercaprol
CaEDTA
Succimer
picmonic thumbnail
39 secs
Beta Blocker Antidote
Antidote
Glucagon
picmonic thumbnail
29 secs
Iron Antidote
Antidote
DeFEroxamine
picmonic thumbnail
23 secs
Opioid Antidote
Antidote
Naloxone
picmonic thumbnail
29 secs
Tricyclic Antidepressant (TCA) Antidote
Antidote
Sodium Bicarbonate (NaHCO3)
picmonic thumbnail
27 secs
Benzodiazepine Antidote
Antidote
Flumazenil
picmonic thumbnail
40 secs
Warfarin Antidotes
Antidotes
Vitamin K
Fresh Frozen Plasma
picmonic thumbnail
59 secs
Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) Overview
Mechanism of Action
Blocks Serotonin and NE Reuptake
Lipid-soluble
Side Effects
Adverse CNS Effects
Anticholinergic
Antihistamine
Tri-C: Convulsion, Coma, Cardiotoxicity
Blocks Alpha1 Receptors
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Amphetamines Intoxication Assessment
Euphoria
Insomnia
Mydriasis
Diaphoresis
Hypertension
Tachycardia
Paranoia
Anxiety
Anorexia
Seizures
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Cocaine Intoxication Assessment
Euphoria
Delusions
Mydriasis
Hallucinations
Agitation
Hypertension
Arrhythmias
Hyperthermia
Seizures
Nasal Septum Perforation
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Methylergonovine (Methergine) and Ergotamine (Ergot Alkaloids)
Mechanism
Smooth Muscle Contraction
Vasoconstriction
Indications
Migraine
Postpartum Hemorrhage
Side Effects
Nausea and Vomiting
Severe Hypertension
Tachycardia
Considerations
2nd Line Agent
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Haloperidol (Haldol)
Mechanism
High Potency Antipsychotic
Indications
Migraine
Schizophrenia
Side Effects
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
Weight Gain
QT Prolongation
Restlessness
Considerations
Caution in Seizure Patients
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Calcium Channel Blockers (Verapamil and Diltiazem)
Mechanism of Action
Slows AV Conduction
Indications
Angina Pectoris
Arrhythmias
Essential Hypertension
Side Effects
Bradycardia
Hypotension
Constipation
Peripheral Edema
Gingival Hyperplasia
Nursing Consideration
Medication Education
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Niacin Therapy (Vitamin B3)
Mechanism
Inhibits Lipolysis in Adipose Tissue
Reduces Hepatic VLDL Secretion
Indications
Decrease Triglycerides
Decrease LDL
Increase HDL
Side Effects
Flushing
Decreased by Aspirin
Hyperglycemia
Hyperuricemia
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Vancomycin Side Effects & Toxicity
Side Effects
Thrombophlebitis
Nephrotoxicity
Ototoxicity
Diffuse Flushing Called Red Man Syndrome
Prevent with Antihistamine
Prevent with Slow Infusion
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Class IA Antiarrhythmics (Na+ Channel Blockers)
Indications
Arrhythmias
Mechanism of Action
Increase AP, ERP, and QT interval.
Drugs
Disopyramide
Procainamide
Drug-induced Lupus
Quinidine
Cinchonism
Shared Side Effects
Thrombocytopenia
Torsades de Pointes
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Macrolides Side Effects
Side Effects
Diarrhea
Prolonged QT Interval
P450 Inhibitor
Cholestatic Hepatitis
Skin Rash
Eosinophilia
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins
Adenosine (Adenocard)
Mechanism
Slows AV Conduction
Indications
Supraventricular Tachycardia (Paroxysmal)
Side Effects
Bradycardia
Flushing
Dyspnea
Considerations
Rapid IV Push
Caffeine and Theophylline Decrease Effectiveness
Dipyridamole May Intensify Effects
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Echinocandins
"-Fungin" Suffix
Indications
Invasive Aspergillosis
Candida
Mechanism
Inhibits Cell Wall Synthesis
Inhibits Synthesis of Beta-glucan
Side Effects
GI Distress
Flushing
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Ondansetron
Indications
Postoperative Vomiting
Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting
Mechanism
5-HT3 Serotonergic Antagonist
Centrally-acting Antiemetic
Side Effects
Headache
Constipation
QT Prolongation
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
Indications
Solid Tumors
Lymphomas and Leukemias
Mechanism
Free Radical Production
Intercalates DNA
Prevents Double Helix from Sealing
Side Effect
Cardiotoxicity
Dexrazoxane Decreases Toxicity
picmonic thumbnail
1 min
Sumatriptan
Mechanism of Action
Short Half-Life
5-HT Agonist
Inhibits Trigeminal Nerve Activation
Induces Vasoconstriction
Indications
Migraine
Cluster Headache
Side Effects
Increased Risk of Serotonin Syndrome
Paresthesias
Coronary Vasospasm
Contraindication
Prinzmetal's Angina
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins
Methemoglobinemia Diagnosis and Management
Clinical Features
Cyanosis
Respiratory Distress
Headache
Lethargy
Diagnosis
"Chocolate-colored Blood"
Decreased Oxygen Saturation
Normal Partial Pressure of Arterial O2 (PaO2)
Management
Identify Triggers
Methylene Blue
Vitamin C
Exchange Transfusion
picmonic thumbnail
3 mins
Beers Criteria
Use
Elderly
Avoiding Harmful Polypharmacy
Drug Classes
Anticholinergics
Benzodiazepines
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)
Antihistamines
Antidepressants
NSAIDs
Antispasmodics
Opioids
Alpha Blockers
Antiparkinson Agents
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins
Tetrodotoxin
Source
Pufferfish
Mechanism
Blocks Voltage-Gated Na+ Channels
Prevents Depolarization
Signs and Symptoms
Weakness
Dizziness
Paresthesia
Nausea
Diarrhea
Loss of Reflexes
Paralysis
Management
Supportive
picmonic thumbnail
2 mins

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,900,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.

It's worth every penny