Ace Your Physiology Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medical (MD/DO) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

Physiology | Medical (MD/DO) School Study Aid


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Glucose Homeostasis
7 Picmonics to Learn | 12 mins

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Insulin
Rapid Acting
Insulin Lispro (Humalog)
Insulin Aspart (Novolog)
Insulin Glulisine (Apidra)
Short Acting
Regular Insulin (Humulin R)
Intermediate Acting
Isophane NPH (Humulin N)
Long Acting
Detemir (Levemir)
Glargine (Lantus)
2 mins
Hyperglycemia
Mechanism
Insulin Resistance
Too little insulin/medication
Infection/Illness
Corticosteroids
Assessment
Elevated Blood Glucose
Polyphagia
Polydipsia
Polyuria
Hypotension
Fatigue/Drowsiness
1 min
Corrected Na+ for Hyperglycemia
Equation
[(Glucose-100) * 0.016 ] + Na+
Steps
Glucose-100
Multiply * 0.016
Add Na+
1 min
Hypoglycemia Assessment
Mechanism
Too much insulin
Decreased glucose
Assessment
< 70 mg/dL
Change in LOC
Lethargic
Confusion and Irritability
Tremors
Diaphoresis
Tachycardia
Vision Changes
Weakness
Seizures
2 mins
Glucagon (GlucaGen)
Mechanism
Increases Glucose
Indications
Hypoglycemic Emergency
Side Effects
Nausea and Vomiting
Considerations
Reconstitute Powder
Consume Oral Carbohydrates
50% Dextrose IV (If No Effect)
2 mins
Insulin Synthesis
Synthesis
Preproinsulin
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Proinsulin 
Golgi Body
Beta Cells Release Insulin
Beta Cells Release C-peptide
Clinical Relevance
Insulinoma
Sulfonylureas
Surreptitious Insulin Use
2 mins
Insulin Regulation
Master Regulator
Glucose
Incretins Released with Oral Glucose
GLP-1
GIP
Positive Regulators
Beta-2 Receptor Stimulation
M3 Acetylcholine Receptor Stimulation
Negative Regulators
Alpha-2 Receptor Stimulation
Somatostatin
2 mins

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