Ace Your Pharmacology Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medicine (MD/DO) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

Pharmacology | Medicine (MD/DO) School Study Aid


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Sleep Agents
5 Picmonics to Learn | 7 mins

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Triazolam (Halcion)
Mechanism
Rapid-Onset Benzodiazepine
Indications
Insomnia
Side Effects
Rebound Insomnia
Respiratory Depression
Hypotension
Paradoxical Excitement
Amnesia
Confusion
Contraindications
Pregnancy
Considerations
Short-Term Administration
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2 mins
Nonbenzodiazepine Hypnotics
Indications
Insomnia
Mechanism of Action
Short Half-Life
Acts on BZ1 GABA receptor
Less dependence
Drugs
Zolpidem (Ambien)
Side Effects
Ataxia, confusion
Antidote
Flumazenil for Overdose
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1 min
Zolpidem (Ambien)
Mechanism
Hypnotic
Indications
Insomnia
Side Effects
Daytime Drowsiness
Bizarre Sleep Behaviors
Sleep Driving
Angioedema
Considerations
Short Term Administration
Take Immediately Before Bedtime
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1 min
Melatonin Agonists
Mechanism of Action
Activate Melatonin Receptors in Hypothalamus
Drugs
Ramelteon
Tasimelteon
Agomelatine
Indication
Insomnia
Circadian Rhythm Disorders
Side Effects
Dizziness
Headache
Fatigue
Considerations
No Dependence
Avoid Fluvoxamine
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1 min
Suvorexant
Mechanism of Action
Orexin Receptor Antagonist
Indications
Insomnia
Side Effects
CNS Depression
Headache
Abnormal Dreams
Considerations
Contraindicated in Narcolepsy
Avoid in Liver Disease
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1 min

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