Ace Your Pathology Classes and Exams with Picmonic: #1 Visual Mnemonic Study Tool for Medicine (MD/DO) Students

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing. Whether you're studying for your classes or getting ready for a big exam, we're here to help.

Pathology | Medicine (MD/DO) School Study Aid


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Breast Disorders
12 Picmonics to Learn | 25 mins

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Paget Disease Of The Breast
Clinical Manifestations
Spreading Ulceration At Nipple/Areola
Eczematous Or Vesicular Rash
Pruritus
Breast Mass
Bloody Or Yellow Discharge
Pathophysiology
Associated With Underlying Ductal Adenocarcinoma
Caused By Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cells Migrating To Surface
Workup
Biopsy
Bilateral Mammogram
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4 mins
Invasive Ductal Carcinoma of Breast
Characteristics
Most Common Breast Cancer
Presentation
Firm, Palpable Mass
Nipple Retraction
Histologic Findings
Spiculated Margins
Microcalcifications
Stromal Glandular Cells
Management
Surgery
Chemotherapy
Radiation
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2 mins
Ductal Carcinoma in Situ of Breast
Characteristics
Noninvasive Malignancy
Terminal Duct Lobular Unit (TDLU)
Microcalcifications
Comedo Necrosis
Comedocarcinoma
High Grade
Dystrophic Calcification
Management
Surgical Resection
Considerations
Progresses to Invasive Breast Cancer
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2 mins
Fibrocystic Changes of Breast
Characteristics
Benign
Premenopausal Women
Presentation
Bilateral, Multifocal Breast Pain
Diagnosis
Ultrasound
Mammogram
Biopsy
Nonproliferative
Sclerosing Adenosis
Ductal Hyperplasia
Management
Observation
Pharmacologic Interventions
Surgery
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3 mins
Inflammatory Carcinoma of Breast
Characteristics
Invasive Malignancy
Invades Dermal Lymphatic Vessels
Mimics Mastitis and Paget Disease of Breast
Clinical Features
Peau d'Orange
Breast Tenderness
Bloody Nipple Discharge
Considerations
Poor Prognosis
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2 mins
Lobular Carcinoma in Situ of Breast
Characteristics
Noninvasive Malignancy
Absent Microcalcifications
Decreased E-Cadherin
Often Asymptomatic
Considerations
Surveillance
Chemotherapy
Prophylactic Surgery
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2 mins
Invasive Lobular Carcinoma of Breast
Characteristics
Multifocal and Bilateral
Decreased E-Cadherin
"Single File" Cells
Presentation
Often Asymptomatic
Management
Surgery
Chemotherapy and Radiation
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2 mins
Fibroadenoma
Most Common Benign Breast Tumor
Stromal Tumor
Presentation
Women under 40
Small, firm mass
Sharp Edges
Increased tenderness and size with Estrogen
Management
Biopsy
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1 min
Intraductal Papilloma
Presentation
Bloody nipple discharge
Women 20-40 years old
Mechanism
Small tumor in lactiferous ducts
Occurs Centrally
Occurs Peripherally
Increased malignancy
Diagnosis
Too Small to Palpate
Galactogram biopsy
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1 min
Phyllodes Tumor
Presentation
Common in 40's
Large Palpable Mass
Mechanism
Benign
Rarely Malignant
Low-Grade Tumor
Leaf-Like
Stromal Tumor
Treatment
Wide Resection
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2 mins
Breast Cancer Diagnosis
Mammography
Ultrasound
MRI for High Risk Patients
Confirmed with Biopsy
Considerations
Lymph Node Involvement
Receptor Positivity
Estrogen and Progesterone Receptors
HER-2
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2 mins
Breast Cancer Interventions
Radiation or Chemotherapy
Hormonal Therapy
Tamoxifen
Lumpectomy
Mastectomy
Avoid BP and Injections Affected Arm
Hand Exercises
Considerations
Grief Related to Body Image
Prosthetics
Reconstruction
Lymphedema
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3 mins

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