Master PCA Stroke with Picmonic for Medicine

With Picmonic, facts become pictures. We've taken what the science shows - image mnemonics work - but we've boosted the effectiveness by building and associating memorable characters, interesting audio stories, and built-in quizzing.

DOWNLOAD PDF
PCA Stroke

Recommended Picmonics

picmonic thumbnail
Types of Strokes
picmonic thumbnail
Middle Cerebral Artery
picmonic thumbnail
Left Hemisphere Stroke Assessment
picmonic thumbnail
Right Hemisphere Stroke Assessment
picmonic thumbnail
Anterior Cerebral Artery

PCA Stroke

Post-terrier Brain Artery-archer Stroke-crew
Mari_navia54360
10 KEY FACTS
Contralateral Homonymous Hemianopia with Macular Sparing
Opposite-sided Half-nope-eyes and Macula-Dracula

If the primary visual cortex in the occipital lobe is affected, the patient will present with contralateral homonymous hemianopia with macular sparing. This sparing is thanks to the collateral branches of the MCA that also irrigate the region of the macula.

Cortical Blindness
Cortez with Blinds-over-eyes

When there is bilateral damage to the occipital cortex, the patient develops cortical blindness without awareness of their deficit and possible confabulation.

THALAMUS
Thalamic Pain Syndrome
Thor in Pain

When the thalamus is affected, the patient develops contralateral hemibody pain, allodynia, and hyperalgesia, also known as thalamic pain syndrome.

MIDBRAIN
Dorsal Midbrain Syndrome
Dorsal-fin Middle-brain

Pinealomas are the most common cause of dorsal midbrain lesion, but they can also be caused by a PCA stroke. Vertical gaze palsy, nystagmus, the collier sign, and pseudo-Argyll Robertson pupils are among the symptoms.

HEMISPHERIC DAMAGE
Contralateral Hemiparesis and Hemisensory Loss
Opposite-sided Half-side Droopy Muscle and Half-sensor Broken

Hemispheric damage in a PCA stroke can cause contralateral hemiparesis and hemisensory loss.

DOMINANT HEMISPHERE
Dyslexia
Dyslexia

It is important to remember that the corpus callosum allows visual input to reach the parietal cortex language centers, integrating visual signals to produce language. When there is a PCA infarct in the left hemisphere (usually the dominant hemisphere), the patient will present with dyslexia.

Alexia without Agraphia
A-graph-paper

Another possible manifestation of a PCA stroke in the left hemisphere, in the area of the splenium of the corpus callosum, is alexia without agraphia (the patient can write but not read).

Aphasia
A-fish with Aphasia

When a large stroke occurs in the left hemisphere, which is usually the dominant hemisphere, in PCA territory, aphasia can happen.

Amnesia and Confusion
Memory-eraser and Confucius

When it comes to the hippocampus, a PCA stroke on one or both sides can cause memory loss and confusion.

NON-DOMINANT HEMISPHERE
Can't Recognize Faces (Prosopagnosia)
Unrecognizable Faces

When the corpus callosum in the right hemisphere (usually the non-dominant side) is affected by a PCA stroke, the patient will have prosopagnosia, which means they won't be able to recognize familiar faces.

DOWNLOAD PDF

Take the PCA Stroke Quiz

Picmonic's rapid review multiple-choice quiz allows you to assess your knowledge.

It's worth every penny

Our Story Mnemonics Increase Mastery and Retention

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Unforgettable characters with concise but impactful videos (2-4 min each)

Memorize facts with phonetic mnemonics

Ace Your Medicine (MD/DO) Classes & Exams with Picmonic:

Over 1,610,000 students use Picmonic’s picture mnemonics to improve knowledge, retention, and exam performance.

Choose the #1 Medicine (MD/DO) student study app.

Picmonic for Medicine (MD/DO) covers information that is relevant to your entire Medicine (MD/DO) education. Whether you’re studying for your classes or getting ready to conquer the USMLE Step 1, USMLE Step 2 CK, COMLEX Level 1, or COMLEX Level 2, we’re here to help.

Works better than traditional Medicine (MD/DO) flashcards.

Research shows that students who use Picmonic see a 331% improvement in memory retention and a 50% improvement in test scores.